IT - Italy 18. When European countries started to cooperate economically in 1951, only Belgium, Germany, France, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands participated. The political system is a parliamentary republic. Click Here for Items Related To - List Of European Union Member States By Unemployment Rate This is list of European Union member states by unemployment and employment rate. The political system is a parliamentary republic. The political system is a parliamentary republic. In order for the EU to adopt policies that concern defence and foreign affairs, all member states must agree unanimously. Its capital is Nicosia and the official language in Cyprus is Greek. EE - Estonia 9. It is a regional trade organization and free trade area consisting of Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €43,897 billion, as per 2015. 1. The list includes the Convention of 26 May 1997, drawn up on the basis of Article K.3(2)(c) of the Treaty on European Union, on the fight against corruption involving officials of the European Communities or officials of Member States of the European Union. The EU was not always as big as it is today. And it regularly organises awareness-raising events for EU law enforcement officers so as to enhance their knowledge of its services, and thus help their international cases. Italy holds 73 seats in the European Parliament and held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU 12 times between 1959 and 2014. Luxembourg is a member country of the Schengen Area since March 26, 1995. Croatia holds 11 seats in the European Parliament and will hold the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU for the first time in the first half of 2020. Bulgaria and Romania have already finished accession negotiations and will join on 1 January 2007. Its capital is Rome and the official language in Italy is Italian. Its capital is Madrid. Its capital is Prague and the official language is Czech. In the second column, the country names must always appear in English. Its currency is the Bulgarian Lev (BGN). Its capital is Bucharest and the official language is Romanian. Lithuania holds 11 seats in the European Parliament and held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU once in 2013. Its capital is Riga and the official language is Latvian. Our main goal is to achieve a safer Europe for the benefit of all EU citizens. Currently, 23 countries located in the continent of Europe, are not part of the European Union. Slovenia’s currency is Euro (€) since it became a member of the Eurozone on January 1, 2007. The Portuguese comprise 2% of the total EU population. Slovenia is a member country of the EU since May 1, 2004 with its geographic size of 20,273 km², and population number 2,062,874, as per 2015. Croatia’s currency is Croatian Kuna HRK. The political system is a parliamentary republic. The Schengen Area is one of the greatest achievements of the EU. Eurozone is comprised of 19 member states out of the 28 states that constitute the European Union. The sovereignty and power of the EU do not clash with that of member states; on the contrary, … Bulgaria holds 17 seats in the European Parliament and will hold the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU for the first time in 2018. Finland’s currency is Euro (€) since it became a member of the Eurozone on January 1, 1999. 33,577,342 people participated in the referendum, a turnout of 72.2%. These countries are collectively known as the Eurozone. Schengen countries are those European countries which have signed the Schengen Agreement. MAIN DOCUMENTS Convention drawn up on the basis of Article K.3 (2) (c) of the Treaty on European Union on the fight against corruption involving officials of the European Communities or officials of Member States of the European Union (OJ C 195, 25.6.1997, pp. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €163,947 billion, as per 2015. Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €1.081trillion. Each member state is party to the founding treaties of the union and thereby shares in the privileges and obligations of membership. The population of the EU is 510,056,011 (2016 estimate) covering 7.3% of the world population. The political system in Slovakia is a parliamentary republic. Its capital is Vilnius and the official language is Lithuanian. 19 member states in the EU use the Euro as their currency. EU citizens have a right to live in any EU country and can cross borders with ease. Read more about the role of the European Council The political system in Belgium is a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy. The Banking Union (BU) is an essential complement to the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) and the internal market, which aligns responsibility for supervision, resolution and funding at EU level and forces banks across the euro area to abide by the same rules. From an original membership of six states, there have been five successive enlargements. The Maltese comprise 0.1% of the total EU population. EU Countries List – Member States of The European Union. Its capital is Amsterdam and the official language is Dutch. It identifies the actions that constitute terrorist acts for these purposes, and defines the restrictive measures to be applied. Its capital is Athens and the official language is Greek. Bulgaria is not a member country of the Schengen Area. The political system is a parliamentary republic. The French comprise 13.1% of the total EU population. Its capital is Dublin and the official languages in Ireland are Irish and English. In 1950, the European Coal and Steel Community began the uniting of European countries economically and politically to gain lasting peace. Slovakia is also a member state of the Schengen Area since March 26, 1995. Any country that satisfies the conditions for membership can apply. Austria is a member country of the EU since January 1, 1995 with its geographic size of 83,879 km², and population number 8,576,234, as per 2015. Candidate countries on the road to EU membership: Potential candidates to become EU member states: The continental territories of the member states of the European Union (European Communities pre-1993), animated in order of accession. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €17,421 billion, as per 2015. Latvians comprise 0.4% of the total EU population. GB - United Kingdom 13. Malta is a member country of the EU since May 1, 2004 with its geographic size of 315 km², and population number 429,334, as per 2015. Its capital is Brussels and the official languages in Belgium are Dutch, French, and German. If the Commission’s opinion is positive, the Council must then agree upon a negotiating mandate. Its capital is Budapest and the official language is Hungarian. The Swedes comprise 1.9% of the total EU population. The EEA includes all EU countries and also Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway. The political system is a parliamentary constitutional monarchy. The Commission wants to build a European Union area of justice, which will make it easier for citizens to exercise their rights and allow businesses to make full use of the EU single market. LV - Latvia 21. Unlike members of other international organisations, the member states of the EU have agreed by treaty to shared sovereignty through the institutions of the European Unionin some (but by no means all) aspects of government. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €160.353 billion, as per 2015. Luxembourg’s currency is Euro (€) since it became a member of the Eurozone on January 1, 1999. Slovenia holds 8 seats in the European Parliament and held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU once in 2008. Estonia is a member country of the Schengen Area since December 21, 2007. Greece is a member country of the Schengen Area since January 1, 2000. Italy’s currency is Euro (€) since it became a member of the Eurozone on January 1, 1999. Annex I to the Act of Accession gives the list of the conventions and protocols concerned. The United Kingdom withdrew from the European Union on 31 January 2020. Lithuania is a member country of the EU since May 1, 2004 with its geographic size of 65,286 km², and population number 2,921,262, as per 2015. The political system is a federal parliamentary republic. Estonia is a member country of the EU since May 1, 2004 with its geographic size of 45,227 km², and population number 1,313,271, as per 2015. The political divisions, during the 2000s, between the east and west Europe finally healed and 10 more new countries joined the EU in 2004, followed by Bulgaria and Romania which joined in 2007. Portugal holds 21 seats in the European Parliament and held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU 3 times between 1992 and 2007. The political system is a parliamentary constitutional monarchy. Sweden holds 20 seats in the European Parliament and held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU twice, in 2001 and 2009. It has been engaged extensively with EU institutions like NATO. Greece’s currency is Euro (€) since it became a member of the eurozone on January 1, 2001. Cyprus is a member country of the EU since May 1, 2004 with its geographic size of 9,251 km², and population number 847,008, as per 2015. In 1973, Denmark, Ireland, and the United Kingdom formally decided to join the European Union, becoming nine member states altogether. The candidates are supported financially, administratively and technically during this pre-accession period. Germany is a member country of the EU since January 1, 1958 with its geographic size of 357,376 km², and population number 81,197,537, as per 2015. Common position 2001/931/CFSP lays down the criteria for listing persons, groups and entities. Austria holds 18 seats in the European Parliament, while it held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU twice, once in 1998 and in 2006. The political system is a parliamentary republic. The official language in Spain is Spanish. As of 1 January 2017, the population of the EU is about 511.6 million people. Greece joined in 1981, followed by Spain and Portugal in 1986 and Austria, Finland and Sweden in 1995. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €2.184trillion, as per 2015. The political system in Bulgaria is a parliamentary republic. The Czech Republic holds 21 seats in the European Parliament and held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU once in 2009. ** Potential candidate countries that do not yet fulfil the requirements for EU membership. The European Council. The Czech Republic’s currency is the Czech Koruna (CZK). Ireland is not a member country of the Schengen Area. Romania is not a member country of the Schengen Area. Hungarians comprise 1.9% of the total EU population. Latvia is a member country of the EU since May 1, 2004 with its geographic size of 64,573 km², and population number 1,986,096, as per 2015. Its capital is Copenhagen and the official language in Denmark is Danish. BG - Bulgaria 4. Luxembourg holds 6 seats in the European Parliament and held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU 12 times between 1960 and 2015. In the proper sense, the Union refers to itself as "European Economic and Monetary Union… The European countries that are not members of the EU: * Countries that are in the process of integrating the EU legislation into national law. Netherlands’ currency is Euro (€) since it became a member of the Eurozone on January 1, 1999. Counter terrorism and radicalisation. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €8.796 billion, as per 2015. Its capital is Berlin and the official language is German. Its capital is Stockholm and the official language is Swedish. The Dutch comprise 3.3% of the total EU population. The United Kingdom and Denmark sought exemption from the monetary union at the inception of the Eurozone. Bulgaria is a member country of the EU since January 1, 2007 with its geographic size of 110,370 km², and population number 7,202,198, as per 2015. Hungary is a member country of the Schengen Area since December21, 2007. The United Kingdom (UK) withdrew from the European Union (EU) on 31 January 2020 and is no longer an EU Member State. Every member state is part of the founding treaties of the union and is subjected to binding laws within the common legislative and judicial institutions. Recent actions in this area include: 1. strengthened rules to prevent new forms of terrorism 2. reinforced checks at external borders 3. enhanced firearms controls 4. creating a dedicated body to curb terrorist propaganda online 1. Sweden is a member country of the Schengen Area since March 25, 2001. Belgium is a member country of the EU since January 1, 1958 with its geographic size of 30,528 km², and population number 11,258,434, as per 2015. The European Council is the EU institution that defines the general political direction and priorities of the European Union. Hungary holds 21 seats in the European Parliament and held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU once in 2011. A country wishing to join the EU submits a membership application to the Council, which asks the Commission to assess the applicant’s ability to meet the Copenhagen criteria. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €266.244 billion, as per 2015. The political system is a Federal Parliamentary Republic and its currency is the Euro (€), since Austria became a member of the Eurozone on January 1, 1999. Europeans need to feel confident that, wherever they move within the EU, their freedom and their security are well protected, in full compliance with the Union's values, including the rule of law and fundamental rights. The Netherlands is a member country of the EU since January 1, 1958 with its geographic size of 41,542 km², and population number 16,900,726, as per 2015. Greece is a member country of the EU since January 1, 1981 with its geographic size of 131,957 km², and population number 10,858,018, as per 2015. Bulgarians comprise 1.4% of the total EU population. LU - Luxembourg 20. (Wikipedia). Croatia is not a member country of the Schengen Area. This means that every action taken by the EU is founded on treaties that have been approved voluntarily and democratically by all EU member countries. Its capital is Valletta and the official language is Maltese. Belgium is also a member state of the Schengen Area since March 26, 1995. Malta is a member country of the Schengen Area since December 21, 2007. Type Fight List question: Start typing question and then select from the list. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €179.379 billion, as per 2015. The political system is a parliamentary republic. Its capital is Vienna and the official language in Austria is German. Member states must agree unanimously for the EU to adopt some policies; for others, coll… Belgium holds 21 seats in the European Parliament and held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU 12 times between 1958 and 2010. EU countries have to maintain their own national military and foreign policies, but are bound to judicial and legislative institutions of the EU. The Netherlands holds 26 seats in the European Parliament and held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU 12 times between 1960 and 2016. Visa for Cultural / Sports / Religious Event, United Kingdom (left EU on January 31, 2020). The risk is a split between the Central European and Eastern European member states … Slovakia holds 13 seats in the European Parliament and is currently holding the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU for the first time. These countries are in the process of 'transposing' (or integrating) EU legislation into national law: Potential candidate countries do not yet fulfil the requirements for EU membership: Give feedback about this website or report a problem, Institutions, bodies & agencies – contact & visit details, Public contracts in the EU – rules and guidelines, Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU), European Economic and Social Committee (EESC), European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS), The European Data Protection Board (EDPB). Without prejudice to the rules on cross-border cooperation and mutual legal assistance in criminal matters, the Member States, Eurojust, the European Public Prosecutor's Office and the Commission shall, within their respective competences, cooperate with each other in the fight against the criminal offences referred to in Articles 3, 4 and 5. Spain is a member country of the EU since January 1, 1986. Germany’s currency is Euro (€) since it became a member of the Eurozone on January 1, 1999. We also work with many non-EU partner states and international organisations. HU - Hungary 16. Its capital is Helsinki and the official languages in Finland are Finnish and Swedish. Cypriots comprise 0.2% of the total EU population. Since June 2014 it has been an official candidate for European Union accession. The European Union was founded on November 1, 1993 in Maastricht, Netherlands. Slovakia’s currency is € (Euro) since it became a member of the Eurozone on January 1, 2009. The European Union (EU) consists of 27 member states. Headquartered in The Hague, the Netherlands, we assist the 28 EU Member States in their fight against serious international crime and terrorism. The political system is a parliamentary republic. This is a list of European Union member states by population, which is sorted by the 2020 … Once an applicant country meets the conditions for membership, it must implement EU rules and regulations in all areas. Estonia’s currency is Euro (€) since it became a member of the Eurozone on January 1, 2011. The European Union founded by six countries namely Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands. The political system is a parliamentary constitutional monarchy. In 1995, the EU further enlarged with three more members joining: Austria, Finland, and Sweden. France is a member country of the Schengen Area since March 26, 1995. In June 2016, the United Kingdom held a referendum, letting the people decide whether they want to leave or remain in the European Union, after a few years of political debate on the topic. The Danish comprise 1.1% of the total EU population. Lithuania’s currency is Euro (€) since it became a member of the Eurozone on January 1, 2014. Over time, more and more countries decided to join. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €214.623 billion, as per 2015. Hungary’s currency is Hungarian Forint (HUG). The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €20.461 billion, as per 2015. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €78.071 billion, as per 2015. “For our citizens and businesses a comprehensive agreement with our neighbor, friend and ally is the best outcome,” Michel said. In addition to the current twenty-five member states, a number of other European states will join the European Union in the next two decades. Greece holds 21 seats in the European Parliament and held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU 5 times between 1983 and 2014. Its free trade agreements foresee the elimination of import duties on industrial goods and fish. Its capital is Lisbon and the official language is Portuguese. Its capital city is Sofia, and the official language in Bulgaria is Bulgarian. Denmark is a member country of the Schengen Area since March 25, 2001. Latvia’s currency is Euro (€) since it became a member of the Eurozone on January 1, 2014. Lithuanians comprise 0.6% of the total EU population. The European Union’s aim back in the days was to end the frequent bloody wars between neighbour states that culminated in the Second World War. The European Union at 12, rather than at six, was quite different from the initial six-member union, and in light of the numerous achievements, the European Union attracted a new set of well-off countries who, until then, belonged to a competing, yet looser forms of integration, the so-called European Free Trade Area, that still exists today. The European Union (EU) is an economic and political union of 27 countries. Hungary is a member country of the EU since May 1, 2004. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €108.748 billion, as per 2015. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €52.112 billion, as per 2015. On January 31, 2020, the United Kingdom officially left the European Union, starting the 11-month transition period. Its currency is € (Euro), from Belgium became a member of the Eurozone on January 1, 1999. Copyright © 2013 - 2020 SchengenVisaInfo.com. Poland is a member country of the EU since May 1, 2004 with its geographic size of 612,679 km², and population number 38,005,614, as per 2015. A European Union member state is any one of the twenty-seven countries that have joined the European Union (EU) since it was found in 1958 as the European Economic Community (EEC). Portugal is a member country of the EU since January 1, 1986 with its geographic size of 92,226 km², and population number 10,374,822, as per 2015. The political system is a semi-presidential republic. The EU has recently found itself as the target of several terrorist attacks while facing the dilemma of how to take care of the refugees. Ireland holds 11 seats in the European Parliament and held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU 7 times between 1975 and 2013. EU countries and Schengen countries are both European countries. Denmark holds 13 seats in the European Parliament and held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU 7 times between 1973 and 2012. Due to the huge volume of EU rules and regulations each candidate country must adopt as national law, the negotiations take time to complete. The political system is a parliamentary constitutional monarchy. In particular, these rules ensure that banks take measured risks and that a bank that errs pays for its losses and faces the possibility of closure while minimising the cost to the taxpayer. Therefore, the Treaty of Lisbon entered into force in 2009, providing the EU with modern institutions and more efficient working methods. Despite being within the EU territories, Albania is not part of the European Union. Austrians comprise 1.7% of the total EU population. The euro (€) is the official currency of 19 out of 27 EU countries. Sweden is a member country of the EU since January 1, 1995 with its geographic size of 438,574 km², and population number 9,747,355, as per 2015. However, it has been a “potential candidate country” since 2000 when it was recognized. Yes. For example, if a policy area is not cited in a treaty, the Commission cannot propose a law in that area. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €678,572 billion, as per 2015. Which European countries are not part of the EU? Croatia is a member country of the EU since July 1, 2013 with its geographic size of 56,594 km², and population number 4,225,316, as per 2015. Lithuania is a member country of the Schengen Area since December 21, 2007. In addition, the EFTA States have added substantive rules and commitments on services, investment and/or public procurement to the agreements as a response on globalization. Greeks comprise 2.1% of the total EU population. Cyprus’ currency is Euro (€) since it became a member of the Eurozone on January 1, 2008. Romania is a member country of the EU since January 1, 2007 with its geographic size of 238,391 km², and population number 19,870,647, as per 2015.The Romanians comprise 3.9% of the total EU population. However, five of them are in the process of integrating the EU legislation into national law, while two others are potential candidates, which have yet not fulfilled all the requirements for EU membership. The Italians comprise 12% of the total EU population. Latvia holds 8 seats in the European Parliament and held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU for the first time in 2015. EFTA stands for the European Free Trade Association. Spain’s currency is Euro (€) and became a member of the Eurozone since January 1, 1999. Its capital is Zagreb and the official language in Croatia is Croatian. The Finnish comprise 1.1% of the total EU population. Finland holds 13 seats in the European Parliament and held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU twice, in 1999 and 2006. The Czech Republic is a member country of the EU since May 1, 2004 with its geographic size of 78,868 km², and population number 10,538,275, as per 2015. The political system is a parliamentary republic. Since 1985, it has gradually grown and encompasses today almost all EU countries and a few associated non-EU countries. The Euro currency emerged from the 1992 Maastricht Treaty. The European Union aims to be an area of freedom, security and justice, without internal frontiers. It consists of the heads of state or government of the member states, together with its President and the President of the Commission. Germany holds 96 seats in the European Parliament and held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU 11 times between 1958 and 2007. Its capital is Vienna and the official language in Austria is German. EMA is in the process of making appropriate changes to this website. Austria is also a member of the Schengen Area since December 1, 2007. The Irish comprise 0.9% of the total EU population. The political system is a parliamentary constitutional monarchy. If the site still contains content that does not yet reflect the withdrawal of the UK from the EU, this is unintentional and will be addressed. Its capital is Warsaw and the official language is Polish. Before 1993, the EU was not as big as it is today. FR - France 12. The European Union (EU) is a group of 28 nations in Europe, formed in the aftermath of World War II.The first batch of countries joined in 1957, including Germany, France, Italy, Belgium, Luxembourg, and The Netherlands.In 1973, Denmark, Ireland, and the United Kingdom joined. Slovaks comprise 2.2% of the total EU population. GR - Greece 14. Its geographical size is 505,944 km², while the population number in 2015 was 46,449,565. The political system is a parliamentary republic. The euro (€) is the official currency of 19 out of 28 EU countries. Its capital is Ljubljana and the official language is Slovenian. Poland is a member country of the Schengen Area since December 21, 2007. In 2013, Croatia became the 28th member to enter the EU. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €176.023 billion, as per 2015. The Czech Republic is a member country of the Schengen Area since December 21, 2007. EU countries are those European countries which are a part of the European Union and have signed the treaties of the European Union. AT - Austria 2. CY - Cyprus 5. The 27 European countries that are part of the EU: Austria is a member country of the EU since January 1, 1995 with its geographic size of 83,879 km², and population number 8,576,234, as per 2015. Covid-19 and European solidarity: The fight for who we are. France’s currency is Euro (€) since it became a member of the Eurozone on January 1, 1999. Denmark is a member country of the EU since January 1, 1973 with its geographic size of 42,924 km², and population number 5,659,715, as per 2015. In the 2000s, the euro became the new currency for many Europeans, and during the following decade, more countries adopted the euro (€). Slovenia is a member country of the Schengen Area since December 21, 2007. The European Union is based on the rule of law. The Netherlands is a member country of the Schengen Area since March 26, 1995. Its currency is the Danish Krone (DKK). Gradually, more countries decided to join. Poland holds 51 seats in the European Parliament and held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU once in 2011. Italy is a member country of the Schengen Area since October 26, 1997. M a l t a S l o v e n i a L u x e D u t c h D a n e s C z e c h S l o v a k U K P o l e G r e e k I t a l y I r i s h L a t v i a ... About Fight List. The political system is a parliamentary republic. Response to the terrorist threat and recent terrorist attacks in Europe (background information) European countries started to cooperate economically since 1951, when only states such as Belgium, France, Luxembourg, Germany, The Netherlands and Italy participated. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €1.636 trillion, as per 2015. The Polish comprise 7.5% of the total EU population. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €44,162 billion, as per 2015. DK - Denmark 8. FI - Finland 11. European Council President Charles Michel issued a statement applauding the deal, but also noting that the 27 member states must still give their assent. The Slovenians comprise 0.4% of the total EU population. These countries are collectively known as the Eurozone.Which countries use the euro? All Rights Reserved. Romania holds 32 seats in the European Parliament and will hold the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU for the first time in 2019. If the Member States of the European Union are listed together at the head of the table, they must be listed according to protocol order (see Section 7.1.1 first table). Slovakia is a member country of the EU since May 1, 2004 with its geographic size of 49,035 km², and population number 5,421,349, as per 2015. It is an area without internal borders, an area within which citizens, many non-EU nationals, business people and tourists can freely circulate without being subjected to border checks. Europol is the European Union’s law enforcement agency. Each member state is party to the founding treaties of the union and thereby shares in the privileges and obligations of membership. While having abolished their internal borders, Schengen States have also tightened controls at their common external border on the basis of Schengen rules to ensure the security of those living or travelling in the Schengen Area. LT - Lithuania 19. Belgians comprise 2.2% of the total EU population. Germany is a member country of the Schengen Area since March 26, 1995. HR - Croatia 15. Italy is a member country of the EU since January 1, 1958 with its geographic size of 302,073 km², and population number 60,795,612, as per 2015. Ireland is a member country of the EU since January 1, 1973 with its geographic size of 69,797 km², and population number 4,628,949, as per 2015. Its capital is Bratislava and the official language is Slovak. The Estonians comprise 0.3% of the total EU population. Country names must always appear in English `` European Economic Community ( EEC ) or ‘... Aims to be an Area of freedom, security and justice, without internal frontiers gives the List the! 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