It is one of the very old breeds, admitted into the American Standard of Perfection. Sumatra chicken lives more in tune with the seasons, breeding and fighting for dominance in the early spring, just like birds in the wild do. And the bantam roosters weight about 0.735 kg and hens about 0.625 kg. Subscribe ROY'S FARM newsletter for news, updates and receiving notifications of new posts by email. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. But the hens are good winter layers. Chicken. The Sumatra Chicken originated on the island of Sumatra in Indonesia. Cocks weigh 2.25–2.70 kilograms, and hens about 1.80 kg. J.A.C. They have small earlobes of gypsy color. Although some breeders want to use them in fights and this is due to the fighting character that is one of the main characteristics of this species. Playing next. The seasonal aspect of the Sumatra chicken is still very much a part of the breed today, and one can expect fertility and broodiness to arrive late in the spring. Many people do not know about Sumatra chickens. The breed came to Germany in 1882 and, there, was at first called Black Yokohama. There were subsequent importations by other in 1850-52. Black is the only color admitted into the standard but other colors are available. It is the Black Sumatra that was embraced by the poultry fancy; with its long, flowing, low tail, beetle green sheen, gypsy-colored face (purple to black), black shanks with yellow soles, and its multiple spurs – often having three spurs on each leg. The Sumatra has a personality closer to that … It was admitted to the American Poultry Association’s Standard of Perfection. Although the roosters fight for dominance, but they usually don’t fight to the death. We at Purely Poultry are proponents of raising oriental gamefowl for the backyard flock for legal purposes only and want to see these chickens prosper for future generations to enjoy. And it’s extremely rare today. . The Sumatra chicken was recognized by the American Poultry Association (APA) and the black variety was admitted as a standard breed in 1883. 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And it was used for fighting in some areas where cockfighting was not illegal. 1:20. Nelson A. It is a distinctive fowl which look less like domestic poultry than other chickens. Review full breed profile of Sumatra chicken below. These chickens were originally imported from Sumatra in 1847 to the U.S. and Europe as fighting cocks for the purpose of cockfighting , but today the breed is primarily kept for exhibition. The Sumatra chicken is distinctive and beautiful, with long flowing curves, abundant feathering, and a rich green sheen. Standard Sumatra roosters weight about 2.25 – 2.70 kg, and hens about 1.80 kg. These chickens made their debut into the United States in April of 1847, introduced by J.A.C. En 1847, les poulets de combat de Sumatra ont été importés aux États-Unis, où ils sont presque immédiatement devenus populaires dans la société des éleveurs de volaille. Butters of Roxbury, Mass., is responsible for bringing the Sumatra to the United States in April 1847 as a fighting breed. Chicken Breed Information - Sumatra - Sumatras are an exceedingly rare breed of chicken with a personality closer to that of a wild game bird than a domestic chicken: they are thought to be closely related to the jungle fowl of the Far East. Most of the game chicken breeders today use them for ornaments and exhibitions. They are also among the best broodies and best protective mothers. Solok area, West Sumatra. Sumatra hens are not good egg layers. There are a few colors of the Sumatra but on the black variety has been embraced. Report. Traditionally in the Orient they had been used for such, seasonally, when no other game breed was at hand. Both chicks and adults are very hardy. The Sumatra chicken was first imported into the United States in 1847. It’s the possible result of a cross between feral Kampong chickens and a now extinct variety of wild fowl. Today, this breed of birds is bred and maintained throughout the world. In 1847, the fighting chickens of Sumatra were brought into the United States, where they almost immediately became popular in the society of poultry farmers. This chicken used to be sold for fighting, but now are mostly sold for exhibition. Pay close attention to how they interact with other breeds. the fight could last half or an hour. the fight here is without knife spurs. The Sumatra is a rare and ornamental Heritage breed of chicken — originally from the island of Sumatra in southeast Asia. Learn how your comment data is processed. History and Origin of Sumatra Chickens The breed of chicken originated from Sumatra Island. Their legs and toes are black and their skin color is yellow. Sumatra chicken is very active, alert and one of the best fliers. The Sumatra chicken was first imported into the United States in April 1847 by J.A.C. In the wild, Sumatra chickens were found in a few color varieties, including black breasted red, though black was predominant. Sumatra chicken is great fighters and they are great breeds for fighting competitions. Welcome! Sumatra chickens have a personality more like a wild game bird than a chicken. They have been known variously as "Sumatran Pheasants" or "Java Pheasant Game Birds," even though they are most definitely chickens! For example; White and Blue. Mar 26, 2017 - This Pin was discovered by D. Discover (and save!) In fact, Sumatra chickens were once known as the "Sumatran Pheasant" and the "Java Pheasant Game." It has a personality closer to that of a wild game bird than a domestic chicken. Sumatra Chicken. It originally was inported from Sumatra for cockfighting, but is now exclusively an ornamental fowl. The cocks from the breed are greater fighters and a lot of people loved them especially during the fighting competition. The breed is considered a primitive one; as they are very active, good foragers and rooster will fight strongly for dominance, though they usually don’t fight to death. But Black is the only variety recognized by the American Poultry Association. The White variety has standard white plumage and the blue variety has standard blue plumage. Butters of Roxybury, MA. Hens go broody readily and are known to be good mothers. And the breeders can expect fertility and broodiness to arrive late in the spring. Many color varieties available. Sumatra Chicken Black has long and flowing tail feathers. The breed appears “royal” in nature, belying its feral heritage. It’s but one of those strains. Butters, from Massachusetts. Originally from the Isles of Sumatra, Java, and Borneo in Indonesia, the breed developed through living wild and being shaped by its environment. Two thousand years ago the Red Jungle Fowl, possibly from China or Indo China, possibly through the silk road, reached the ports of Rome, Egypt and Greece. the fight here requires a rooster who has strong stamina and steel guts. Bot… Today Sumatras are mostly kept for show and exhibition. $24.95. Browse more videos. Historically, the island residents captured the males at the beginning of breeding season and used them to fight, releasing them after the season was over. Sometimes called “Sumatran Pheasants” or “Javan Pheasant Game Birds,” these chickens are said to Historically, the island residents captured the males at the beginning of breeding season and used them to fight, releasing them after the season was over. Later, the Dutch, who are the world's most famous breeders, created a miniature replica of chickens from Sumatra. Sumatra hens lay an abundant number of white, or lightly tinted, eggs and are considered excellent winter layers. In 1847, Sumatra chickens were imported to the United States of America and other European countries for the purpose of entertainment. Although, today other color varieties also available with different color. your password It’s a easily handled breed. fighting roosters are reared with a very special system. They are also among the best of mothers and broodies. Black, Blue, Splash, White etc. It was first admitted into the American Poultry Association’s Standard of Perfection in 1883. But it does not really suit this breed as the roosters tend to only show aggression around breeding time. The sport of fighting is now illegal but now many people raise these chickens for exhibition, to preserve genetic treasures, or for their backyard amusement. The black Sumatra chickens break the look of a typical chicken. This chicken is a jungle fowl type bird that originated on the Isle of Sumatra. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. They lay some medium sized white eggs. The Sumatra Chicken Breed has broad shoulders and a long back that narrows towards the tail. It is an ornamental chicken breed and mainly raised for exhibition purpose. Photo from Wikipedia (Blue Sumatra, a rarer color than the standard Black). You will find both black Sumatra hens and black Sumatra roosters with iridescent tones along the feather’s ends. Wood of the Smithsonian Institute in Washington D.C., began with the breed in 1885 and is given much credit for refining the Sumatra chicken to enhance its flowing feathers and for increasing its productivity. Article from featherwarriorgamefarm.blogspot.com. Their striking, distinctive carriage sets them apart: Their tails are held low, and in the male particularly is abundant and sweeping, like the tail of a pheasant. The Sumatra chicken was originally imported in the Indonesian Islands of Sumatra from 1847 into the United States of America and Europe as fighting roosters for the purpose of cockfighting. There was very little human interference when it came to the making of this breed, and they are a rather wild bird. Now the Sumatra chicken is mainly kept as an ornamental breed. The breed is noted for behaving very pheasant like – moving in a stately manner and preferring to explore around bushes and other areas offering good cover. The Sumatra chicken was originally imported from the Indonesian Isles of Sumatra in 1847 to the United States and Europe as fighting roosters for the purpose of cockfighting. The Sumatra chicken was recognized by the American Poultry Association (APA) and was admitted as a standard breed in 1883 in the Black variety. Hens are poor layers with yearly totals of eggs amounting to about 100 white creamy eggs a year, and are exceptionally susceptible to broodiness. At this time they came under various names Sumatra Pheasant game, Sumatra Ebon Game and Java Pheasant Game. Today the Sumatra chicken’s seasonal aspect is still very much a part of the breed. Their wattles are very small and almost non-existent. Sumatras are primarily an ornamental breed kept for their attractive plumage. The roosters have long sweeping tail, with an abundance of long sweeping sickles and coverts, carried horizontally. Today the breed also comes in Blue and in Dun varieties. Sumatra schwarz, Lipsia-Schau Leipzig 2013, Sumatra chicken. This black chiken name is Black Sumatra Chicken, come from on of the biggest island in Indonesia, which is Sumatra. Males often even sport multiple spurs on each leg. Sumatra chickens tend to reproduce very seasonally, the males vying for territory and breeding rights a few months of the year and living together in relative harmony outside of breeding season. The breed is probably the result of cross between feral Kampong chickens and a variety of wild fowl, which is extinct today. Sumatra chickens have a small bright red colored pea comb. We recommend you also read: What Everybody Ought to Know About American Rabbit … Sumatra chicken breed is listed in the Critical category of the American Livestock Breeds Conservancy’s Conservation Priority List. History: The Sumatra chicken breed originated in the Indonesian Isles of Sumatra, Java and Borneo. Storey's Illustrated the rooster that won was the last one standing. It is one of the very old breeds, admitted into the American Standard of Perfection. Originally bred to be a fighting chicken in Southeast Asia, it was admitted into the American Standard of Perfection in the late 1800s. Sumatra chicken is a very beautiful breed and has very attractive plumage. Origins of the Game Fowl. One wonders if some of the rarer color varieties of Sumatra played a role in the creation or development of those other breeds. your username. The Sumatra’s type, size, and flowing plumage is similar to both the Yokohama chicken and the Cubalaya chicken. The Sumatra chicken was originally imported in the Indonesian Isles of Sumatra in 1847 to the United States and Europe as fighting roosters for the purpose of cockfighting. - Carol Ekarius Yet, these chickens are stunning. The breed was first used and promoted as a fighting cock. There is another American gamefowl recognized variety that has Spanish and Sumatra chicken breed strains. very brutal. If you love watching chicken fight competition then you should keep the breed and it will forever make you great. The gamefowl are highly recognized by both the American Poultry Association and the American Game Fowl Society. Sumatra Breed Overview The Black Sumatra fowl is a native of Sumatra and as far as is known, they are as pure blooded today as when first introduced into America from Angers Point Sumatra in 1847. a fighter can be deadly and the fights take a long time. Believed to be closely related to the jungle fowl, the Sumatra tends to have a personality which is more similar to wild game birds than domestic chickens. Roosters are usually not aggressive towards others, but they can be aggressive only toward members of their own breed during the breeding season. It’s one of those very old strains, admitted to the American Standard of Perfection. Sumatra hens are poor layers with yearly totals of almost 100 white eggs, and are exceptionally susceptible to broodiness. Guide to Poultry Breeds 1883 is the year the BBC Sumatra was first inducted into the American Standard of Perfection. Sumatra Chicken Breeds were originally bred as a fighting chicken, with males having 3 spurs on each leg, but they are not strictly bred for exhibition purposes. They go brooding for long periods just like silkie, shamo, Ancona chickens, Iowa blue … The breed comes in red black, blue and white varieties, as well as the unstandardised splash - a natural result of breeding blue chickens. The roosters have lustrous greenish black feathers and a graceful carriage. In 1847, Sumatra Chickens were exported from Sumatra to the United States and Europe for cockfighting. It was admitted in 1883 to the Standard of Perfection of the American Poultry Association. The Black Sumatra is a rare and beautiful Asian long tail chicken with rich lustrous beetle green plumage. In 1883, the Black Sumatra was accepted into the American Standard of Perfection. The Sumatra chicken was originally imported from the Indonesian Isles of Sumatra in 1847 to the United States and Europe as fighting roosters for the purpose of cockfighting. Both adults and chicks are very hardy and easy to raise. In 1885, Nelson A. Historically, the residents of Indonesian Island used to catch Sumatra roosters during the beginning of breeding season, use them in combat and release them once their seasonal aggression declined. Plus tard, les Hollandais, qui sont les éleveurs les plus célèbres au monde, ont créé une réplique miniature de poulets de Sumatra. Enlarge. Sumatra chickens tend to reproduce very seasonally, the males vying for territory and breeding rights a few months of the year and living together in relative harmony outside of breeding season. Sumatra chicken require large space and they can’t do well in confinement. In this series of chicken breeds, you will learn more information about the history and origin of Sumatra breed, physical characteristics and … For additional details about this chicken breed, contact Cackle Hatchery® today! Sumatra chickens are active and alert and are especially good at launching themselves vertically to escape dangers. It is also rumored that Sumatra chickens sometimes flew between the islands of Sumatra and Java. Sumatra chicken is native breed of the Sumatra Island . Chicken Breeds. Log into your account. Sumatra Chicken is a bird that is used mainly as ornamental and so show this species in exhibitions. Sumatra chickens originated in the Indonesian islands, where many of them still roam wild. You can place your order and we will ship them to you as soon as possible. your own Pins on Pinterest They are great jumpers also. The Sumatra chicken was first promoted as a fighting breed – something for which the breed was not truly well-suited. Most often they are a lustrous black with a green sheen throughout the body and tail. And like the wild birds that they basically are, they don’t behave like your standard chicken. The Sumatra chicken still has “wild” like characteristics and they may not get along with other domesticated chickens. 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