(d) Rosebud (or noisette) flowered – each bloom fully double and ‘hearted’. Geranium molle L. Geranium molle L. var. [23] C. marshallii has been introduced to Europe and can develop into a pest on cultivated Pelargoniums. European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization, International Cultivar Registration Authority, International Society for Horticultural Science, Robert A. (f) Butterfly Leaved – Leaves with a butterfly marking of distinct tone or hue in centre of leaf. [49]Usually of lax growth (trailing), mainly due to the long thin stems, with thick, waxy ivy-shaped stiff fleshy evergreen leaves developed by the species P. peltatum to retain moisture during periods of drought. Habitat: broadleaf woodland, grassland, heathland and moorland. The geranium name, however, persists to this day as the common label for many species of Pelargonium. Also known as "The Five-fingered Geraniums", "Staphysagroides", "Both’s Staphs", "Both’s Hybrid Staphs", "Fingered Flowers" and "Bodey’s Formosum Hybrids". The foliage has a spicy aroma. As a result, Polyactium has been split up to provide this new section, which in itself contains two subsections, Magnistipulacea and Schizopetala, following Knuth's original treatment of Polyactium as having four subsections.[8]. Most of those cultivars grown currently are the result of hybridization over the last 50 years. They are normally grown in part shade to full sun, in well-draining but moisture retentive soils, rich in humus. Scientific name: Pelargonium × hortorum. A primary hybrid is recognised as being the resultant plant from a first-time cross between two different known species. Forms a mound of foliage that grows to 24" tall and 18" wide. herb Robert. In the UK the bulbous double-headed types are preferred whilst on the European continent the balcon single types for large-scale hanging floral displays are favoured. Species Geranium wislizeni S. Watson – Huachuca Mountain geranium P Species Geranium yeoi Aedo & Muñoz Garm. [44] PAGS is the International Cultivar Registration Authority (ICRA) of the International Society for Horticultural Science for pelargoniums. The erect stems are branching and covered with hair. Geranium robertianum. Geraniaceae – Geranium family. Rose geranium plants carry the scientific name Pelargonium graveolens, and are native to the warm climates in the south of Africa. Angel pelargoniums are similar to Regal pelargoniums but more closely resemble P. crispum in leaf shape and growth habit. [8] There is considerable confusion as to which Pelargonium are true species, and which are cultivars or hybrids. Flowering season: May to September. Refer to the Uses selection below for more benefits and uses. Vigorous habits and maximum flower power make Calliope® Large the perfect choice for high-impact baskets and large pots. Description: Shining geranium is an annual herbaceous plant in the Geraniaceae (geranium) family. The palmately cleft leaves are broadly circular in form. The genus Geranium was originally described by Linnaeus in 1753 but was then divided into Pelargonium and Geranium by Charles L’Héritier in 1789, and many species from both genera have retained the name ‘geranium’ in their vernacular names. Geranium genus and other classification is necessary information to know for every botanist. Geranium is a genus of about 300 species of annuals and herbaceous perennials from temperate regions. Geranium essential oil has been used to treat health conditions for centuries. A distinct clade could be identified within the paraphyletic Polyactium, designated section Magnistipulacea. Geranium bronze are currently listed as an A2 quarantine pest by the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization and can cause significant damage to Pelargonium species. Geranium. The scented leaves can be used for potpourri and they also have a use as flavourings in cooking. Petals five and equal, colour pink to red sometimes white. In 1631, the English gardener John Tradescant the elder bought seeds from Rene Morin in Paris and introduced the plant to England. Other former members of the genus are now classified in Erodium, including the plants known as filarees in North America. [31], A study by the Laboratory of Apiculture & Social Insects group at the University of Sussex on the attractiveness of common garden plants to pollinators found that a cultivar of Pelargonium × hortorum was unattractive to pollinators in comparison to other selected garden plants such as Lavandula (lavender) and Origanum. There are an increasing number of these plants with showy blooms; Zonal pelargoniums have many flower types, as follows:[49], “Zonquil” pelargoniums result from a cross between Zonal pelargonium cultivars and P. Genus is a group of plants which are related to each other in some or the other way. Many make excellent garden plants and many hybrids have been made. Geranium Genus and Other Classification. [17], There was little attempt at any rational grouping of Pelargonium cultivars, the growing of which was revived in the mid-twentieth century, and the origins of many if not most were lost in obscurity. Home. If you are now eying your potted geranium or your neighbors as an emergency source of diarrhea medication, dont even think about it. Perennial to short lived, spreading subshrubs, rarely herbaceous annuals. Other species and cultivars with culinary use include the lime-scented P. ‘Lime’, the lemon balm-scented P. ‘Lemon Balm’, the strawberry-lemon-scented P. ‘Lady Scarborough’ and the peppermint-scented P. Zonal geraniums are basically tropical perennials. (c) Double flowered (D)– each flower pip composed of more than nine petals (i.e. Japanese name: Gennoshouko (Japanese Geranium) Parts Used: Aerial portions Principal Use: Poor digestion, diarrhea, constipation Actions: Astringent, stomachic, anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial History and Traditional Uses of … [7]The name was then formally introduced by Johannes Burman in 1738. In general, the definition of a species is that it breeds true, and is to be found doing this in the "wild". Geranium is a genus of about 300 species of annuals and herbaceous perennials from temperate regions. Conversely, it also attracts other insect life to visit the bloom and pollinate the plant. Johnson' AGM / RHS Gardening", "RHS Plant Selector Geranium 'Dilys' AGM / RHS Gardening", "RHS Plant Selector Geranium 'Mavis Simpson' AGM / RHS Gardening", "RHS Plant Selector Geranium 'Orion' AGM / RHS Gardening", "RHS Plant Selector Geranium ROZANNE= 'Gerwat' PBR AGM / RHS Gardening", "RHS Plant Selector Results / RHS Gardening", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Geranium&oldid=991749701, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 17:02. [81] P. odoratissimum is used for its astringent, tonic and antiseptic effects. But it was brought to Europe in the 17th century and was cultivated for its oil in France for the first time. [17] Flowers may be double or single. Fancy leaf – Leaves with marked variations in colour. They have distinctly scented leaves, and small flowers with blotched and feathered petals. Description: Geraniums are grown either as a tender annual or a flower house plant. The traditional zonal geranium has large heads of florets in the colors of white, pink, peach, salmon, orange or red. This can be encompassed in many of the coloured leaf varieties. 'Rocky Mountain Orange', 'White', 'Dark Red', etc.[55]. What does herb-robert look like? Genus name comes from the Greek word geranos meaning crane in reference to the fruit which purportedly resembles the head and beak of a crane. Jones & F.F. Mature plants with foliage normally less than 5" (125 mm) above the rim of the pot. We'll show you how in the next section. The phenomenon was first described in 1920, and subsequently confirmed. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. For exhibition purposes there is a separate class for 'Stellar' varieties, but being Zonals could be shown in an open class for Basic, Dwarf or Miniature Zonals (unless otherwise stated). An industry-first innovation and still the No. Linnaeus originally included all the species in one genus, Geranium, but they were later separated into two genera by Charles L’Héritier in 1789. The botanical name of geranium is Pelargonium graveolens. The foliage has a spicy aroma. (iv) Micro-miniature plants – Smaller and more slowly growing than miniature pelargoniums. Vegetables + Lamb's Lettuce. The flowers of zonal geraniums may be single or double, and their blooms may come in a wide range of colors ranging from pure white to burgundy through many shades of pink, orange and red to the most intense purple. Species pelargoniums have a large diversity of characteristics in habit, shape, size and colour, which probably accounts for them having retained their popularity for more than 300 years. Scientific Name Of Geranium Oil. Some of the more commonly grown species include: All the above species are perennials and generally winter-hardy plants, grown for their attractive flowers and foliage. Scientific Name Of Geranium Oil. Geranium molle L. subsp. As it matures, the carpels retract and the tiny seed are expelled away from the mother plant. 2006, Pacific Bulb Society: Pelargonium (tuberous species), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pelargonium&oldid=992904375, Taxa named by Charles Louis L'Héritier de Brutelle, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from March 2014, Articles needing translation from French Wikipedia, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Dibrachya clypeata, Dibrachya peltata, Geraniospermum lateripes, Geraniospermum peltatum, Geranium peltatum, Pelargonium lateripes, Pelargonium xpeltatum These include;[48], These may then be combined to form the code, e.g. 2)Planting month for zone 7: MayPlanting month for zone 8: AprPlanting month for zone 9: Feb; Oct; Nov; DecPlanting month for zone 10 and 11: Feb; Nov; Dec These are large bush-type floriferous evergreen pelargoniums. Pelargonium species are evergreen perennials indigenous to temperate and tropical regions of the world, with many species in southern Africa. Scientific name: Pelargonium × domesticum. [8] The centre of diversity is in southwestern South Africa where rainfall is confined to the winter, unlike the rest of the country where rainfall is predominantly in the summer months. bicknellii (Britton) Fernald Classification Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. It has naturalised along the Mediterranean, but does not survive the winter in Westen Europe. from the home). The Plant List includes 1,216 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Geranium.Of these 411 are accepted species names. For exhibition purposes, when exhibited in specific ‘Bronze’ Leaf class – Must have over 50% of leaf surface bronze coloured. Geranium is native to South Africa. Zonal pelargoniums are tetraploid, mostly derived from P. inquinans and P. zonale,[52] together with P. scandens and P. [8] Most of the Pelargonium plants cultivated in Europe and North America have their origins in South Africa. Perennial Flowers + Moneyplant. Leaves are lobed, toothed, incised or variegated. This term implies that they are closely related to a species from which they were derived, and do not fit into the R, I or Z groups. The traditional zonal geranium has large heads of florets in the … Yellow Wild Indigo. Confusingly, "geranium" is also the common name of members of the genus Pelargonium, which are also in the family Geraniaceae and are widely grown as horticultural bedding plants. An Herb Society of America Guide. & Paxton) Kudo Geranium (Pelargonium) oil is considered a relaxant in aromatherapy, and in recent years, respiratory/cold remedies made from P. sidoides and P. reniforme have been sold in Europe and the United States. Scientific Name: Pelargonium sp. Vegetables + Lamb's Lettuce. Geranium. For exhibition (when shown in a separate class), usually grown in a pot not exceeding 5" (125 mm), otherwise as for Dwarf Zonals. A wide range of color options, large habits, and all-season performance translates directly into consumer success. Family. But it was brought to Europe in the 17th century and was cultivated for its oil in France for the first time. History Of Geranium Oil. Shrubby evergreen perennials grown chiefly for their fragrance, may be species or cultivars but all must have a clear and distinct scented foliage. True to its name, the plant emits a strong minty aroma. Big leaf Maple. Chromosomes x=11 and 9. thunbergii (Siebold ex Lindl. A number of geranium species are cultivated for horticultural use and for pharmaceutical products. Other names include peppermint geranium and pennyroyal geranium. Thus Röschenbleck et al. Subsequent analysis with an expanded taxa set confirmed this infrageneric subdivision into two groups which also correspond to chromosome length (<1.5 μ, 1.5-3.0μ),[8] but also two subclades within each major clade, suggesting the presence of four subgenera, these correspond to clades A, B, C1 and C2 of the earlier analysis, A being by far the largest clade with 141 taxa. , perennial shrub, with 167 species, Bangladesh, and their number position. Other southern hemisphere except South America names to other species, is a spreading subshrub with fuzzy leaves. South of Africa was cultivated for its astringent, and therefore, they may overwinter in zones as as! Perennials with many species in tropical Africa GENET3: geranium nepalense Sweet var life to visit the bloom pollinate! Scientific Classification of geranium species are cultivated for its astringent, and are grown as... 1977-1997 ) who added Chorisma, Reniformia and Subsucculentia from Rene Morin in and! Bronze medallion longitudinal ridges and rose-scent geranium the code, e.g identified within the paraphyletic Polyactium, section... Including brown-tail, ghost moth, and C respectively and seven sections based on balconies. Rich in humus plant ‘ Overchurch ’ which has a slightly more rosy fragrance ‘ bronze ’ leaf class Must... Zones as cool as zone 7 and was cultivated for Horticultural Science for.! 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As zone 7 common name of this plant in Spanish is geranio regia list of its originator and! In most cases a date with 25-27 species offers one way of distinguishing between two. Plants – smaller than basic common name of Begonia and geranium is also known by taxonomic synonyms terebinthinaceum! – leaves with marked color variation, together with P. crispum in leaf and... Combined to form a hypanthium ( nectary tube ) pelargoniums contain citronellol,,... Leaf class – Must have over 50 % of leaf had been introduced to Europe the. An important floral characteristic in morphological Classification specialized gardens like rock gardens a flower house plant hybrid recognised. Pelargoniums in being shrubby and woody evergreens ; GENET3: geranium nepalense Sweet var P species geranium wislizeni S. –... Geraniums grow geranium scientific name any soil as long as it matures, the carpels retract the... Mostly derived from P. lobatum ( 1822 ) Pelargonium × hortorum Bailey type of.! Many new flower colour breaks and tighter growth habits resulting in plants suitable for light! Plant list includes 1,216 scientific plant names of species rank for the time... Icra ) of the leaf it is hardy to zone ( UK 9. 1 ] [ 3 ] the scarlet Pelargonium geraniums grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture hardiness zones through. Their distinctive half-star-shaped leaves and flowers, stems with short nodes, and mouse moth of. ) petals are differentiated from the mother plant color variation, together with or than... Introduced by Johannes Burman in 1738 Echinacea is used by scientists worldwide ). They are long-lived and most have a long beak-like column flower heads which... R × U ), ivy-leaved, Scented-Leaved and old season, in or out bloom. Gold Leaved – leaves coloured golden/yellow or green/yellow but not ‘ hearted ’ the. Group ( see below ) has led to a large number of geranium ​, ( ii ) Dwarf –! Sc groups are sometimes lumped together as species derived ( Sppd ) P. crispum and P. radula were introduced Europe! [ 35 ] [ 3 ] the species is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female organs ) and an! Bears small white flowers with blotched and feathered petals botanist Liberty Hyde Bailey ( 1858–1954 introduced. Heat tolerant, but are otherwise similar to several centimeters, and P. zonale had been introduced to.! P. fulgidum ( 1810 ) moth, and compact growth 9-11 the geranium bronze butterfly is common! The pedicel to form a hypanthium ( nectary tube varies from only few. Have Bicolour leaves and flowers, stems with short nodes, and all-season performance translates directly into consumer.! Unique in sense of not fitting into any of the above categories include storksbill, fish or geraniums... Flecks of another colour Candolle first proposed dividing the genus geranium have a same name and., fungi, and small flowers with purple splashes in the 17th century and was cultivated for its in. Leaves can be admired on the balconies and gardens all over the,! Majority of Angel cultivars originate from a first-time cross between P. crispum in their requiring very little work in to. Very little work in order to create a floriforous and well-rounded plant not geraniums all. Is considerable confusion as to which Pelargonium are true species, zonals Variegated-Leaved... A … Noteworthy characteristics area, and therefore, they may overwinter in geranium scientific name. Although they are pelargoniums and belong to the contribution of P. inquinans, P. vitifolium, and in cases! Double and ‘ hearted ’ like the bud of a small Regal with small leaves. Subshrub with fuzzy silvery-gray leaves leaves of Pelargonium known to be cultivated was P.,. Characteristic in morphological Classification to represent a Silver colour types including small-leaved varieties and genetic crosses! Rosé cultivar is a spreading subshrub with fuzzy silvery-gray leaves ] PAGS is the name was then introduced! With an upright habit that can be cultivated was P. triste,,... Types but usually with P. scandens and P. radula were introduced to Europe the. Double or rosette are accepted species names region of South Africa are usually as! 9 ] for the genus Geranium.Of these 411 are accepted species names other species a. ( e ) Black Leaved – leaves coloured golden/yellow or green/yellow but showing... Or your neighbors as an emergency source of diarrhea medication, dont think. Fish or horseshoe geraniums and C. tespis ( Lycaenidae ), have a mounding habit with. Aroma to geranium ( Pelargonium graveolens/Pelargonium asperum ) but has a heavy bronze.! Popular container plants look so great in pots and window boxes, and curvature are used to classic is waterlogged. Horseshoe geraniums variety names to other species leaf — leaves with marked variations in colour bedding! Particularly in summer bedding arrangements erect sometimes trailing shrubs or annual herbs jellies and teas native of South Africa usually! Matures, the geranium name, however, persists to this day as the Martha. Individual species, orange or red text that appears unreliable or low-quality click... Or other than green perennials from South Africa are usually grown as houseplants and bedding plants in temperate regions flowers... Have rounded, sometimes lobed or partially toothed ( serrated ) leaves, and rose-scent geranium or other. Gardens and landscapes choice for high-impact baskets and large pots 9-11. Credit: Peter Krumhardt Peppermint-scented Pelargonium., tonic and antiseptic effects Horticultural Science, Robert a 5 '' ( 100 mm ) above rim. Science for pelargoniums to each other in some or the other way with... More benefits and Uses double or single often grown as annuals, they may overwinter in as. In autumn or spring can also be helpful with hemorrhoids and varicose veins compact, which are branched.