The grapes are used for the table, juice, jelly, jam and wine. How you prune will depend on the individual grape variety you grow and which part of its canes can be expected to bear the fruitful buds. But you should certainly spray it to prevent black rot as this is a very serious fungal disease of grapes. With their vigorous growth, grape plants will cover an arbor in a few seasons. When branches reach the wires of the trellis, either remove them or cut them back to two buds. Vines must be pruned severely and methodically for the best yield. Gardeners truly enjoy the fresh taste of homegrown grapes; however, the work to maintain grapevines can be a challenge. Concord, Niagara, and Catawba are all native American bunch grapes. Cut back each of these to leave about 15 buds per cane. Considerations for the Mechanical Pruning of Concord grapevines Growing Table Grapes in a Temperature Climates , MSUE Bulletin E2774. Following are the basics. Knowing how to prune grapes can make the difference between a good crop and a bad one. The best time to prune grapes is in late winter or very early spring, and it takes time and thought to do it properly. Leave a one- or two-bud spur cane near the fruiting cane with one or two buds each. For grapes you must be particularly careful to match the type and variety of grape to the site's climate. Grape vines produce fruit on one-year-old wood, and that’s it – seriously. After 3 years of growing a mature grape plant, take some time in the late winter to prune away extra canes and overgrowths to prepare your grapes for the harvesting season. For consistent fruit production, however, some judicious pruning is required. It is the most widely planted grape east of the Rockies and is very hardy. Pruning can be a complex task when done right and the pruning technique depends on the training system and variety. Cane Pruning Commonly used for the Concord and other American varieties, is best suited to vines whose canes are most fruitful at a considerable distance from the base. When too many grapes develop, they will be small and may not ripen. Grapes Planting, Care, Pruning and Harvesting Instructions. This helps to ripen the grapes and also improves air circulation, which helps to prevent disease infection. Growing grapes has been a long tradition in many home gardens. Prune during the dormant season, beginning in the third year. Pruning grape vines isn’t something you do for cosmetic reasons. Pruning prevents the vine from becoming too dense, and also allows you to control the quantity of grapes. Includes a discussion of parts of the grapevine and the fundamentals of pruning grapevines. In table grapes, leave 50 to 80 buds per plant. Concord grapes are a popular grape for the home grower as they can be used both as a table grape or pressed to make juice. To cane prune, select two to four new fruiting canes per vine. If the buds on your grape plant are in the center of the cane, or woody vine, try using a cane pruning technique to trim your grape vines. If you don’t prune your vines, you won’t get much fruit. Arbors. Concord grapes do have the reputation of not performing well, which includes not uniformly ripening, in the warmer areas of our region. As with other fruit crops, grapevines need weeding, fertilizing, insect and disease control, and proper pruning to assure a bountiful harvest. For wine grapes, leave about 20 to 30 buds per plant. Light pruning doesn’t promote adequate fruiting whereas heavy pruning provides the greatest quality of grapes. For more information about homegrown grapes, refer to the … When pruning grapes, you’ll want to cut off as much of the old wood as possible. When the plant sprouts in the spring and grows a new shoot, that shoot turns from green to brown at the end of the growing season. 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