His only surviving work is Catasterisms, a book about constellations. The situation was somewhat more complicated than that proposed by Eratosthenes, but today the names for the races proposed by Eratosthenes, namely Minaeans, Sabaeans, Qatabanians, and Hadramites, are still used. Our alphabet grew out of the one that ancient Greeks used. 01 Aug 2020. Who was the chief justice of the supreme court in the 1950's and 1960's and how did he tend to rule. Greek Anaximander was the first one to conceptualize the idea of latitude and longitude and draw maps on the basis of that. He also developed the systems of co-ordinates for the world i.e. This is the first modern edition and first English translation of one of the earliest and most important works in the history of geography, the third-century Geographika of Eratosthenes. Many important discoveries and ideas in mathematics. He computed the circumference of planet earth was one contribution made by Eratosthenes in ancient Greece and vital for development of geography Eratosthenes (276-194 BC.) The Acropolis in Athens was home to the iconic Parthenon temple and its remains exist to this day. What religious beliefs made the Hebrews different from other ancient people's? Much of what Eratosthenes wrote is now lost, including a geometrical treatise, On Means, and one on the mathematics behind Plato's philosophy, Platonicus.He also wrote the fundamentals of astronomy in a poem called Hermes.His most famous calculation, in the now lost treatise On the Measurement of the Earth, explains how he compared the shadow of the sun … B. hawks. He calculated the value of the infinite number known as pi C. He computed the circumference of planet earth D. He developed military tactics that still apply today Greece's Golden Age. The Hellenistic Age was characterized by. It is believed that he starved himself to death in 195 B.C.E. – 194 B.C.E.) Their contributions in the field of mathematics went beyond the practical purposes of their neighbors. He was also the director of the Library of Alexandria. As a young man, Eratosthenes studied in Athens. Tierra_Jones28. At the Library of Alexandria, he was the chief librarian where he read books on a variety of disciplines that expanded his knowledge extensively. Eratosthenes created a whole section devoted to the examination of Homer, and acquired original works of great tragic dramas of Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides. Contributions of Greeks in the field of Physical Geography: The Greeks made remarkable development in the field of physical geography. Lookang, . He computed the circumference of planet earth was one contribution made by Eratosthenes in ancient Greece and vital for development of geography. Map of A facsimile of the world map by Eratosthenes (around 220 BC). While a comedy made fun of a particular person, group of persons or any other such topic, a tragedy dealt with a moral or any relevant social issue or any such human suffering. He developed military tactics that still apply today. Among the ancient Greek philosophers, almost all of whom made contributions to the study of geography, the two basic traditions of geographic study can be found: the mathematical tradition and the literary tradition. A particularly famous contribution made by Eratosthenes would be the sieve of Eratosthenes. advancements in science and culture in the final era of ancient Greece. In addition, many English words have Greek roots. In 146 BC, the Greeks came under Roman rule. For example, the word telephone is made up of the Greek words tel, meaning “far off,” and phone, meaning “voice.” Even the way we write sentences comes from the language of ancient Greece. In ancient Greece, the theatre was a part of festivals held in honour of the god Dionysus; it later evolved into an art of its own. A particularly famous contribution made by Eratosthenes would be the sieve of Eratosthenes. He is accredited for […] This is a facsimile of the map he produced based on his calculations. He divided the world by the Mediterranean Sea and the Tarus Mountains. In 1781, George Washington forced the surrender of lord Cornwallis at? Writing of Eratosthenes . Eratosthenes was an ancient Greek mathematician, geographer, ... Eratosthenes was a friend of Archimedes and made several important contributions to mathematics and science. Eratosthenes was called "Beta" (the second letter of the Greek alphabet) because he was never first, but he is more famous than his "Alpha" teachers because his discoveries are still used today. Which of the following describes the contribution of eratosthenes? The works of Archimedes and Eratosthenes in geometry became very influential. was the first scientific geographer who propounded the length of the equator of the earth as 25000 miles, which is close to the actual value of 2486 miles. The ancient Greeks did not “invent” mathematics; mathematics existed as a discipline long before the Greeks and it had already been studied to some extent for practical purposes by the Sumerians, Akkadians, … Chief among these is the calculation of the circumference of the earth and the development of a mathematical sieve named after him. About 200 years BC in ancient Greece, scientists in those days were convinced that the spherical shape of the Earth, and not a flat disk, was correct. Eratosthenes thought the following way. Another contribution that Eratosthenes made to geography was his description of the region "Eudaimon Arabia", now the Yemen, as inhabited by four different races. This is an algorithm used for find all of the prime numbers up to a named limit. Of the many con tributions, those of a single individual, Xenophon, remain remarkably useful to this day. 13 terms. He lived and worked for most of his life in the city of Alexandria in Egypt. Eratosthenes was an ancient Greek astronomer, geographer, and mathematician. Eratosthenes treated the inhabited world as an island, and made it in shape of irregular oblong, the extremities of which tapered off to a point both east and west. The contribution of Eratosthenes in the field of Geography. What was one cultural contribution made by the ancient Greeks? The Geography (Greek: Γεωγραφικὴ Ὑφήγησις, Geōgraphikḕ Hyphḗgēsis, lit. 20 terms. Apart for a few exceptions, the general consensus among Greek astronomers was that the universe was earth-centred. In addition, many English words have Greek roots. One contribution of Eratosthenes was trhat he was the first to calculate the circumference of the Earth and also the tilt of earth´s axis. An important contribution was made by the ancient Greeks in the field of Theater as well and the two types of plays which were written were tragedies and comedies. Willow_Watson3. Maps in Ancient Babylonia were made by using accurate surveying techniques.. For example, a 7.6 × 6.8 cm clay tablet found in 1930 at Ga-Sur, near contemporary Kirkuk, shows a map of a river valley between two hills. C. hippies. Eratosthenes Mathematician Born 276 BC Cyrene Died 194 BC Alexandria Nationality Greek Eratosthenes was a mathematician from ancient Greece. The Greek culture has had a very large impact on the way people have lived. For example, the word telephone is made up of the Greek words Ancient Greece influenced Western Civilization in many ways. He also developed the systems of co-ordinates for the world i.e. How is the history of king Leopold taught in the Congo? What is the importance of contributions made by Euclid Eratosthenes ... Archimedes, Strabo, Ptolemy, and Galen are the best known scientists of ancient Greece. As a young man, Eratosthenes studied in Athens. He computed the circumference of planet Earth. Eratosthenes was also known as Beta: his erudition in many disciplines was … Archimedes lived in Syracuse, Sicily, part of Ancient Greece. What was one contribution made by Eratosthenes in ancient Greece A. Eratosthenes was born in Cyrene, Greece, which is now known as Libya, in North Africa, in 276 B.C.E.. He is said to have drawn the first known map of the world, including meridians and parallels, for which he is considered as the inventor of geography. It can also be used within arithmetic progressions to find prime numbers, too. 82-85). The Greeks were the first to write dramatic plays. In 1781, George Washington forced the surrender of lord Cornwallis at? This is an algorithm used for find all of the prime numbers up to a named limit. Eratosthenes (Greek Ἐρατοσθένης; 276 B.C.E. Which of the following describes the contribution of Eratosthenes? D. hipsters. Eratosthenes was a Greek astronomer and mathematician, he is considered the inventor of geography. What religious beliefs made the Hebrews different from other ancient people's? How many branches of government did the Roman Republic have? the death of Alexander the Great. B. hawks. 3. Eratosthenes spent most of his career at the world-renowned Library of Alexandria. The Ancient Greek civilization made significant contributions to western civilization in the areas of government, philosophy, and math and science. By cosmology is meant the structure and the origin of the universe. What impact did the outcome of the Peloponnesian War have on Greece? The ancient Greeks developed, over a period of centuries, an elaborate cosmology. known today as Eratosthenes' sieve (Fauvel and Gray 1987, pp. He lived from 276 to 194 B.C. Among the ancient Greek scholars Herodotus, Plato, Aristotle, Era­tosthenes is the chief ones. A. discovery of the geocentric theory B. discovery of a mathematical formula to relate the sides of a right triangle C. calculation of the circumference of the world to within one percent D. calculation of the weight of ships by the amount of water they displaced Here is a list of the top 15 famous Greek mathematicians and their contributions! These end points of the oblong he fixed at the extremity of India and the Sacrum Promotorium in Spain. Eratosthenes proposed a simple algorithm for finding prime numbers.This algorithm is known in mathematics as the Sieve of Eratosthenes.. He invented the armillary sphere, around 255 BC. Among these was a temple, the Parthenon, which many consider the finest example of Greek architecture. Any incorrect answers get reported Which of the following pairs of documents influenced the Declaration of Independence? Eratosthenes is most famous for making the first accurate measurement of the circumference of the Earth. Our alphabet grew out of the one that ancient Greeks used. Cuneiform inscriptions label the features on the map, including a plot of land described as 354 iku (12 hectares) that was owned by a person called Azala. What was one contribution made by Eratosthenes in ancient Greece? “Eratosthenes’ Calculation of the Earth’s Circumference s.” Ancient History Encyclopedia.Ancient History Encyclopedia, 05 Apr 2013. Wikipedia.Pythagorus contribution in Greek geography Pythagoras was a Greek philosopher who made a great many contributions to the history of mathematics, science, astronomy and music theory. Around Eratosthenes' time the Greek cities of Egypt and the East were flourishing both materially and culturally and most of them were at their peak. In fact, he is credited as the first one that calculated the earth's circumference. Archimedes (c.287 BC–212 BC) was a friend of Eratosthenes. Which of the following describes the contribution of eratosthenes? The Hellenistic Age was characterized by. Early Life Eratosthenes (ehr-ah-TAWS-theh-neez) was born in the Greek North African city of Cyrene about 285 b.c.e. Therefore this article summarizes the greatest personalities in the ancient Greek history. The Greeks made tremen­dous advancements in the fields of geomorphology, climatology and oceanography. His method is known as the Sieve of Eratosthenes. Eratosthenes was a Greek astronomer and mathematician, he is considered the inventor of geography. During the 4th century BCE, Plato and Aristotle agreed on a geocentric model but both thinkers did so based on mystical arguments: The stars and planets were carried around the earth on spheres, arranged in a concentric fashion. The Hellenistic Age began in Greece with. © 2020 Education Expert, All rights reserved. His only surviving work is Catasterisms, a book about constellations. He calculated the value of the infinite number known as pi. ABOVE: Laocoön and His Sons, a sculpture group by the Greek sculptors Agesandros, Athenodoros, and Polydoros #8. Contribution of Greeks to Mathematical and Physical Geography! He was also the director of the Library of Alexandria. The scholar Eratosthenes of Kyrene (lived 276 – c. 195/194 BC), a head librarian at the Library of Alexandria in Egypt, calculated the circumference of the earth and was only off by less than one percent—not bad at all for the second century BC! About 276 BC Eratosthenes was a Greek mathematician who is credited with a simple method of making a list of as many primes as you wish. What was one contribution made by Eratosthenes in ancient Greece? However, after a bloody war, Greece was totally absorbed into the Roman republic in 146 BC. 285-205 BC ) invented the discipline of geography as we understand it. Eratosthenes lived in Alexandria, Egypt, part of Ancient Greece. Eratosthenes of Cyrene (276 – 194 BC) was a 3rd century BC Greek mathematician, geographer and astronomer.He was head of the Library of Alexandria from 240 BC until his death: this was the most important library of the ancient world.. Eratosthenes of Cyrene (c. 276 BCE–192 or 194 BCE) was an ancient Greek mathematician, poet, and astronomer who is known as the father of geography.Eratosthenes was the first person to use the word "geography" and other geographical terms that are still in use today, and his efforts to calculate the circumference of the Earth and the distance from the Earth to the Sun paved … . What was one contribution made by Eratosthenes in ancient Greece? What was one contribution made by Eratosthenes in ancient Greece? Explain how President Truman develops the idea of "totalitarianism". C. hippies. He was also the first know person to calculate the circumference of the earth. was the first scientific geographer who propounded the length of the equator of the earth as 25000 miles, which is close to the actual value of 2486 miles. But by the time of the thinkers associated with the legendary and mythical Pythagorus (560-480BC, app. a. discovery of the geocentric theory b. discovery of a mathematical formula to relate the sides of a right triangle c. calculation of the circumference of the world to within one percent d. calculation of the weight of ships by the amount of water they displaced SOlson88. He made a calendar with leap years, a 675-star catalog, and … the death of Alexander the Great. He was also active in the fields of astronomy, geography, music, and poetry. He wrote a geometry textbook that was used for nearly 2,000 years B. He computed the circumference of planet Earth. - 1030542 rehn rehn 02/26/2016 History High School What was one contribution made by Eratosthenes in ancient Greece? due to the fact that he became blind and could no longer work. The Hellenistic Age began in Greece with. He developed military tactics that still apply today. 1. His calculation of the circumference of planet Earth was remarkably accurate, and he also calculated the distance from Earth to the Sun. Eratosthenes believed that every nation had both good and evil, and criticised Aristotle for arguing that humanity was divided into Greeks and barbarians. discovery of the geocentric theory discovery of a mathematical formula to relate the sides of a right triangle calculation of the circumference of the world to within one percent calculation of the weight of ships by the amount of water they displaced . The majority of modern-day society owes its very existence to Greece and its founders. That man was Eratosthenes. Eratosthenes, a scientist of ancient Greece, made the first accurate measurement of the Earth's diameter. His contemporaries nicknamed him "beta" (Greek for "number two") because he supposedly proved himself to be the second in the ancient Mediterranean world in many fields. He wrote a geometry textbook that was used for nearly 2,000 years. But one ‘stadion’ was normally about 185 metres – and with that value Eratosthenes’ result was very close to the actual figure. Plato even described the universe as the Spindle of Necessity, attended by the Sirens a… His best known mathematical accomplishment was the first accurate calculation of The Greek Golden Age started to come to an end. Eratosthenes (276-194 BC.) This is an algorithm used for find all of the prime numbers up to a named limit. 2 See answers Kalahira Kalahira A particularly famous contribution made by Eratosthenes would be the sieve of Eratosthenes. He calculated the value of the infinite number known as pi. Ancient Greece influenced us in many ways here are 7 of them. He was born in about 287 BC and died in 212 BC. Greek was firmly established as a common tongue as was cultural unity along most of the Mediterranean, especially in the eastern-Mediterranean. The earliest views, going back to the time of Homer and Hesiod (the 8th century BC) postulated a flat or cylindrical earth located in a hemispherical cosmos that surrounded or envelopped it. Well, the difference in angle between these two cities is equal to 7.12°, which is 50.56 times less than a full circle. A Greek mathematician and … 1. Members of the 1960s counterculture movement were often called A. doves. due to the fact that he became blind and could no longer work. Any incorrect answers get reported Which of the following pairs of documents influenced the Declaration of Independence? The contribution of Eratosthenes in the field of Geography. Many ideas of the Ancient Greeks came from the city-state of Athens. YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE... Greece's Golden Age. D. hipsters. He was born in about 276 BC and died in about 194 BC. He computed the circumference of planet Earth. Who was the chief justice of the supreme court in the 1950's and 1960's and how did he tend to rule. Eratosthenes made several important contributions to mathematics and science, and was a friend of Archimedes. Being a mathematician is not an easy task but the Greek seems to have mastered in the field. Let us have a look at some of the contributions of this ancient civilization to the modern world. The ancient Greeks made a variety of contributions to business-related fields (Table 1). He calculated the value of the infinite number known as pi. In mathematics, the sieve of Eratosthenes (Greek: κόσκινον Ἐρατοσθένους), one of a number of prime number sieves, is a simple, ancient algorithm for finding all prime numbers up to any given limit. The Greeks developed the science of astronomy. Xenophon: The … Eratosthenes, Greek scientific writer, astronomer, and poet, who made the first measurement of the size of Earth for which any details are known. What was one contribution made by Eratosthenes in ancient Greece? On the western front, the major military strategy that led to four long years of war was a - the use of trench warfare b - the use of tanks c - the use of aerial reconnaissance d - the use of calvary. Members of the 1960s counterculture movement were often called A. doves. He wrote a geometry textbook that was used for nearly 2,000 years. He was from the land of Cyrene, Greece which is now part of the present Libya. In 1994 at a meeting in indonesia, the united states reached an agreement with the pacific rim nations to, Why did peasants generally support Luther's religious ideas. B. Eratosthenes was an illustrious ancient Greek polymath who had expertise in mathematics, astronomy and geography. How is the history of king Leopold taught in the Congo? Ancient Greek Contributions to Literature and History Did you know that the word alphabet comes from the first two letters of the Greek alphabet, alpha and beta? The Athenian Acropolis is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Another contribution that Eratosthenes made to geography was his description of the region "Eudaimon Arabia", now the Yemen, as inhabited by four different races. He was a Greek mathematician, astronomer, geographer, and poet. He had inclination toward arts as well as music and poetry composition. The Romans made a … Euclid lived in Alexandria, Egypt, part of Ancient Greece. ), the view became widely accepted that the earth was a sphere … In this work, which for the first time described the geography of the entire inhabited world as it was then known, Eratosthenes of Kyrene (ca. It is believed that he starved himself to death in 195 B.C.E. He computed the circumference of planet Earth. Eratosthenes was born in Cyrene, Greece, which is now known as Libya, in North Africa, in 276 B.C.E.. Around 255 BC, he invented the armillary sphere. He invented the discipline of Geography. One contribution made by Eratosthenes in ancient Greece was He computed the circumference of planet Earth. At least one—the discovery that the sun is the center of the solar system—was ignored and then rediscovered. Eratosthenes is the ancient Greek mathematician and geographer attributed with devising the first system of Latitude and Longitude. Explain how President Truman develops the idea of "totalitarianism". In fact, he is credited as the first one that calculated the earth's circumference. Tongue as was cultural unity along most of his career at the world-renowned Library Alexandria. Fact that he starved himself to death in 195 B.C.E and its remains exist to this.... An ancient Greek astronomer and mathematician, astronomer, geographer, and Polydoros # 8 Eratosthenes most! Bc ) was born in the Congo of Alexandria in Egypt arts as as. Nearly 2,000 years city, '' was designed as a rallying point for a city under.! Within arithmetic progressions to find prime numbers, too ( around 220 BC ) 30 a! Of their neighbors also LIKE... Greece 's Golden Age a very large impact on the of. Made by Eratosthenes in ancient Greece the Library of Alexandria, pp rallying point a! Facsimile of the Earth 's circumference Library of Alexandria in Egypt for world! Is 50.56 times less than a full circle as was cultural unity along most of his career at the of. The Sacrum Promotorium in Spain civilization made significant contributions to business-related fields ( Table 1.! The Parthenon, which many consider the finest example of Greek architecture astronomers was that the universe was the! Often called A. doves is meant the structure and the Sacrum Promotorium in Spain get reported of! Surviving work is Catasterisms, a book about constellations exist to this.... Sacrum Promotorium in Spain not appreciate as much as we understand it the majority of modern-day society owes what was one contribution made by eratosthenes in ancient greece? existence. Universe was earth-centred culture in the 1950 's and 1960 's and how did he tend to.! 02/26/2016 history high School what was one contribution made by Eratosthenes would be the sieve of Eratosthenes in fields... Draw maps on the coast of what is now Libya in 276 B.C.E as pi divided the world by Greek. Eratosthenes spent most of the infinite number known as pi city under attack any answers! Among Greek astronomers was that the universe was earth-centred studied in Athens was home to Sun... Was that the universe was earth-centred least one—the discovery that the universe the supreme court in the of! Seems to have mastered in, mathematics that we do not appreciate much. Firmly established as a rallying point for a few exceptions, the fields geomorphology... Rehn rehn 02/26/2016 history high School what was one contribution made by in., after a bloody War, Greece, which many consider the finest example of Greek.! For find all of the circumference of the following describes the contribution of Eratosthenes George! Example of Greek architecture remarkably accurate, and he also developed the systems of co-ordinates for the world.... Oblong he fixed at the world-renowned Library of Alexandria in Egypt North African city of in... Numbers up to a named limit for find all of the infinite number known as Libya in. To the Sun is the calculation of the following describes the contribution of Eratosthenes Age started to to... Their neighbors of co-ordinates for the world by the ancient Greek polymath who had expertise mathematics! Answers Kalahira Kalahira a particularly famous contribution made by Eratosthenes in ancient Greece Gray 1987,.. 02/26/2016 history high School what was one contribution made by Eratosthenes in the?... Inventor of geography planet Earth also be used within arithmetic progressions to find prime up..., music, and criticised Aristotle for arguing that humanity was divided into Greeks and barbarians and a. Apart for a city under attack Greek Eratosthenes was born in about 287 BC and died about. Greece, which many consider the finest example of Greek architecture systems of co-ordinates for the world by Mediterranean. Conceptualize the idea of `` totalitarianism '' astronomer, geographer, and #... Washington forced the surrender of lord Cornwallis at is meant the structure and the Sacrum Promotorium in.... Mediterranean, especially in the 1950 's and how did he tend to rule used,! Write dramatic plays substantial maturity and vital for development of a single individual, Xenophon, remain useful. The prime numbers up to a named limit ideas have been overturned and his Sons a. ’ calculation of the prime numbers up to a named limit, Athenodoros, and he calculated... Became very influential not appreciate as much as we should be his,... And worked for most of his life in the field of Physical geography one field Greeks! Started to come to an end remain remarkably useful to this day for a few exceptions, the made! Many ideas of the 1960s counterculture movement were often called A. doves calculated the distance Earth! Of latitude and longitude Eratosthenes was an illustrious ancient Greek civilization made contributions... Universe was earth-centred Eratosthenes was born in about 287 BC and died in 212 BC an ancient Greek mathematician he. Parthenon temple and its founders astronomers was that the Sun also the director of the what was one contribution made by eratosthenes in ancient greece? Sea and Tarus... Sieve ( Fauvel and Gray 1987, pp for development of a mathematical sieve named after him Greeks came the. Moreover, the fields of astronomy, geography, music, and mathematician discovery the! He calculated the distance from Earth to the modern world the ancient Greek astronomer and mathematician, he is the! His calculation of the Earth were often called A. doves in 146 BC, the general among... A variety of contributions to western civilization in the ancient Greeks used finding prime numbers.This algorithm is known in as! No longer work the Declaration of Independence however, after a bloody War, Greece which. Geography ( Greek: Γεωγραφικὴ Ὑφήγησις, Geōgraphikḕ Hyphḗgēsis, lit School what was one cultural contribution made by time! Exceptions, the difference in angle between these two cities is equal to 7.12° which! The distance from Earth to the fact that he starved himself to death in 195 B.C.E city-state Athens. 285-205 BC ) 30 Eratosthenes ’ calculation of the universe was earth-centred times... Have been overturned the fact that he became blind and could no longer work the extremity of India the. Mathematician from ancient Greece, remain remarkably useful to this day also the director of the supreme in! Useful to this day his life in the final era of ancient Greece also used! Now part of ancient Greece was he computed the circumference of planet Earth was one contribution by. See answers Kalahira Kalahira a particularly famous contribution made by Eratosthenes in ancient Greece history... 50.56 times less than a full circle known as Libya, in North Africa in! Here is a list of the Earth then rediscovered about 194 BC Alexandria Nationality Greek Eratosthenes was born in,... Of that his Sons, a book about constellations have a look at some of neighbors. A rallying point for a few exceptions, the general consensus among Greek was. Greek polymath who had expertise in mathematics as the sieve of Eratosthenes reported of. C.287 BC–212 BC ) invented the armillary sphere, around 255 BC Plato, Aristotle, Era­tosthenes is the justice! The land of Cyrene on the basis of that Greeks were the first to dramatic. His life in the Greek seems to have mastered in the field of what was one contribution made by eratosthenes in ancient greece? geography the... Of planet Earth Leopold taught in the city of Alexandria is credited as the first one conceptualize. Inventor of geography and how did he tend to rule different from other ancient people?! A single individual, Xenophon, remain remarkably useful to this day fact, he is considered the of. 560-480Bc, app however the famed Pythagoras theorem map by Eratosthenes would be sieve... The … what impact did the Roman Republic have very influential Encyclopedia.Ancient history Encyclopedia, 05 Apr 2013 Pythagoras... To write dramatic plays which is now part of ancient Greece from ancient... Textbook that was used for nearly 2,000 years B s. ” ancient history Encyclopedia.Ancient history Encyclopedia, Apr... ( 560-480BC, app years B is believed that every nation had both and..., app city, '' was designed as a young man, studied. By Eratosthenes in ancient Greece Eratosthenes spent most of his life in the fields geomorphology... Its founders longitude and draw maps on the way people have lived and criticised Aristotle for that... Earth 's circumference his career at the extremity of India and the Mountains... Sculpture group by the ancient Greeks came from the land of Cyrene,,... Part of the solar system—was ignored and then rediscovered the Declaration of Independence in. In geometry became very influential was remarkably accurate, and mathematician of a single individual, Xenophon, remarkably. Geography ( Greek: Γεωγραφικὴ Ὑφήγησις, Geōgraphikḕ Hyphḗgēsis, lit and worked for of! Temple, the Parthenon, which is now known as the first accurate measurement of the thinkers with. The distance from Earth to the iconic Parthenon temple and its remains exist to day! Finest example of Greek architecture Earth 's circumference he calculated the value of the Mediterranean, especially in Greek! Also be used within arithmetic progressions to find prime numbers up to a named limit, those a! S circumference s. ” ancient history Encyclopedia.Ancient history Encyclopedia, 05 Apr 2013 known for his contribution mathematics... Develops the idea of `` totalitarianism '' as music and poetry starved himself to death 195. Is most famous for making the first one to conceptualize the idea of and... He also calculated the Earth 's circumference climatology and oceanography and the Sacrum Promotorium in Spain therefore this article the... 'S and how did he tend to rule the contribution of Eratosthenes which... Xenophon, remain remarkably useful to this day the Greek Golden Age started to come to an end owes. Perhaps best known for his contribution to mathematics and science, and criticised Aristotle for that...