It isn’t difficult, but there are a few rules to follow so that the plant may bear magnificent grape bunches. Growing grape vines can easily be done in the UK either in a greenhouse or outdoors. Bunches of grapes will grow on new shoots from this year-old stalk. There are plenty of varieties of grapevine suited to the UK climate and it is important that it is these varieties that are chosen rather than those that are grown on the continent in warmer climates. Step 2 . So, during the vine’s winter dormancy, remove everything but the most basic structure. If you don’t prune your vines, you won’t get much fruit. Grapevine is pruned twice during the year, at the end of winter after the stronger frost spells and in summer during fruit formation. This article from RHS goes into a lot more detail on pruning grapes, and is worth a read. Hi Keith, thanks for your comment. Most people feel worried about pruning their grape vine but the reality is most plants fail due to under-pruning. If your vine is a few years old and well established you need to cut out the shoots that produced grapes this summer, and cut the main shoot back to … Light pruning doesn’t promote adequate fruiting whereas heavy pruning provides the greatest quality of grapes. But they’re hungry plants. It is also one of the harder things to visualize but one of the easier things to accomplish for the home gardener. May 13, 2015 - Explore Janice Johnsrud's board "grape vine pruning", followed by 135 people on Pinterest. How to grow grapes – pruning a grapevine. Too little pruning leaves too much of the vine competing for energy and nourishment needed to produce fruit, also resulting in a poor crop. Allow as many bunches as possible to develop on wine grapevines, but restrict dessert grapevines to just one bunch on each of the side branches. This year only one branch is producing new buds. Grapevine is pruned twice during the year, at the end of winter after the stronger frost spells and in summerduring fruit formation. If in the ground, vines don’t need feeding as such, but benefit from a mulch each Spring with horse compost or garden compost (if using manure from stables, make sure it is straw based and not sawdust based as the saw dust is normally from conifers, which has an acidic effect) Growing Vines in Containers. Cut back grape vines that are 2 and 3 … Posted on January 7, 2016 by jolynnpowers Over the last 25 years trying to live close to the land in West Virginia, I have had several adventures with grape vines. Pruning allows air and sunlight to reach the inside of the vines, giving them the, sunlight, air flow and nutrition they need to thrive. The first one is kniffin , but the mostly used is called cane pruning and its more suitable for the UK’s climate zone. Standards lend themselves easily to container cultivation. Growing grape vines can easily be done in the UK either in a greenhouse or outdoors. Let the main stem on your grapevines continue to grow during the summer of their second year of growth. Nov 4, 2019 - Information related to pruning your vines for best fruit production. I need 2.25 kg of leaves and tendrills. Bred to be Phylloxera resistant. Each year, when the vines go dormant, the grape vines must be cut back to remove old growth and make way for new growth and fruit development. Some buds won’t bear any grapes while others will be very fertile. You should cut out 90% of the previous season’s growth back to a couple of growth buds. 2. Establishing new grape vines. That brown growth is one-year-old wood. Look for a vine that's going in the right direction. As the new grape grower learns more and more about the grape vine and how to develop a grape vine cordon or arms, they normally face a gigantic task of pruning away hundreds of canes and old wood. Keeping your vines properly trimmed also works to reduce the mass and weight of the vine so that it doesn't damage the structure it's climbing on. Young and healthy wood 2. Pruning an old, overgrown grapevine requires a form of severe pruning that removes about 90 percent of the plant’s total growth. The branches are then close to the wall, the plant has lush foliage and is often green down to its base (Image 01); leaves and grapes are healthy. Anyway I have kept the thing growing to one main stem, with no main branches leading off - over the end of the pergola, in an arch shape - but not to the ground on the other end. Prune the flowering side branches on your grapevines back to just two leaves past the flower clusters. Allow only one flowering cluster to develop on each of the side branches if you are growing a dessert grape variety such as Black Hamburgh and Regent. If you don't prune your vines, they will become unruly, tangled messes. Pruning Grapevines is Part Art, Part Science Like winemaking, grapevine pruning is part science, part art, and doing it right determines the size of the harvest and the quality of the wine . WHETHER you grow vines outside with the hope of producing grapes or just for the pleasure of seeing their lovely big leaves cover a pergola, December is the time to prune them back in … Mark the grape vines with colored tape to clearly separate new growth from old. Grape vines can reach enormous proportions. Pruning & Training Vines … Prune grape vines before Christmas, before any sap rises in the new year. Also nice: create or join a topic on our forum, too. Cut the main stem on the grapevines back by half when you prune your vines in December. Entire books have been written about the proper pruning procedure for grapevines. See more ideas about grape vines, grape vine pruning, garden vines. Adventures of Pruning an Old Grape Vine. How to Prune Old Grape Vines. Share your garden joys & woes! Get a vigneron to do it or look up grape pruning on the net. Wait for two of the side branches to produce at least one bunch of grapes before trimming them back to just two leaves beyond the grape bunches. Grapes shouldn’t need much watering if grown outdoors, except in very dry conditions. If you have a neglected or overgrown (call it what you want) grape vine, there is only one way to “reconstruct” the grape vine and that is to prune back hard – really hard. Nothing drastic, but regular since it must trickle down to the deep vine roots over time. It also forces the vines to grow in a shape that is conducive to harvesting, Pruning also keeps vines within a manageable size to support. Grape vines are mature when they are at least 3 years of age. Covering pruning techniques, pruning timing and other tips. This dormant period is the ideal time for the vines to be pruned of their old wood (check out our Winter Grapevine Pruning Video to view this process). As the new grape grower learns more and more about the grape vine and how to develop a grape vine cordon or arms, they normally face a gigantic task of pruning away hundreds of canes and old wood. How and When to Prune a Grapevine. Need advice? Alot will need pruning off to do this. Gardeners tend to prune them too lightly. Megan Mattingly-Arthur has been writing professionally since 1998. Avoid elongating the trunk by favoring the growth of the 2 stems you have selected. This includes the original guyots, so remember to cut them away too. It is a very specialized job if you want to get the maximum amount of grapes - ordinary pruning just will not do. Locate a long vine that sticks out past a bunch of grapes and cut it back so that one set of leaves are just covering the bunch. Each vine should have about 15 buds. ? Before planting your new grape plant, you should make sure the amount of shoots are cut down to only the strongest. Use a high cordon for strong vines that droop as they grow. Downy mildew: how to avoid this common and damaging disease, Everything you need to know on growing grapevine, Guyot cane pruning (also on social media), Passion fruit plant in cold lean-in during winter. Plant the vines during the dormant season from late autumn until late spring (October-March) following the guidelines on the indoor grapes or outdoor grapes pages (as appropriate). Responds well to being kept compact for smaller gardens through regular pruning and produces grapes that are very sweet to taste when ripe, perfect for making wine or using as a dessert. What to look for when choosing your main trailing grapevines: 1. How and when to plant grapes vines in your garden. This is also when fruit tree fertilizer is added, which guarantees an abundant harvest. This is also when fruit tree fertilizer is added, which guarantees an abundant harvest. Any old canes won’t give you fruits again, so you should choose on two general systems for pruning grape vines. Copyright 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. Did you know? Pruning grape vines Grapevines are exuberant climbers, so if you plant one for its fruit you will need to keep it under control. Cut the main stem on the grapevines back by half when you prune your vines in December. Prune the side branches back to just five leaves. Hi, I inherited an old grape vine which has two large branches coming from the main stem / trunk, these have always born a mass of fruit following pruning. In nature, grapes grow up into trees and sprawl all over the canopy. Pruning your grapevines annually can stimulate healthy, vigorous vine growth that produces better tasting crops of grapes. A second complementary course of action would be to start nourishing the soil with slow-decay mulch and occasional enriching with fermented teas. How to Prune Grapes . However, you may salvage a neglected vine with some rigorous restoration pruning (thinning out). If the weather is mild in your area, it is possible to prune your vines as soon as the leaves have fallen off. Left to its own devices, a grapevine grows to a dense mass of mostly older wood with relatively little “fruiting wood” each year. THE PLANTING of grape vines in the UK has grown in popularity over the past few years and they are a welcome addition to many gardens.. A vine can be old and gnarled with have thick, entangled stems and still be perfectly healthy. Locate a long vine that sticks out past a bunch of grapes and cut it back so that one set of leaves are just covering the bunch. Royal Horticultural Society: Grape pruning, BBC Gardening Guides: How to grow grapevines. Don’t be afraid of starting, because there is no “bad pruning”: your experience will build up until you perfectly master the pruning of a grapevine. The support they are growing up needs replacing. All vines are at least 2 years old and grafted onto a root stock that will be 3 years old. 3. Fruit ripeness will suffer. This is important and restricts the plant to only two main shoots for future growth. Too vigorous a pruning removes most of the buds that will eventually grow to produce grapes, resulting in a poor crop. Pruning Grape Vines 21-07-2010, 03:28 PM. Pruning the grape vines is an important step in the regular maintenance of the grape vine to regulate the vine's growth and ensure a good harvest. The pruning of a grapevine is an important step that determines proper fruit formation and harvest. Your email address will not be published. Removing all flowers for the first two years after planting will encourage stronger stem growth. Pruning should take place in the winter. Grape vines make wonderful greenhouse plants in one way: the warmth and shelter makes for an environment much closer to the climates they like to produce fruit in than our usual British summer. That way, you’ll have 2 vigorous shoots, rather than many scrawny shoots. Overproduction of the vine may lead to premature death. Everything else will be pruned off the grape plant. Allow unrestricted growth for the first summer, and in January prune away everything except for one long shoot growing from the main stem. A side branch coming off the main trailing vine counts as one bud. Mattingly-Arthur is studying travel and tourism through Penn Foster Career School. The more you prune the more grapes you will have! See growing grapes to learn how to plant, trellis, and care for your grapes. The second purpose for pruning grapes is to encourage the vines to grow a structure that is conducive to harvesting and which conforms to the shape of the trellis the vine is growing on. Grapevines are exuberant climbers, so if you plant one for its fruit you will need to keep it under control. Follow us there, comment, and share! Pruning as a cordon trained vine increases yield and saves space. Restrict the number of buds to the description explained above. A grape vine can grow as much as 20 feet in one year, and most of that growth should be cut off before the next year. Be thorough in your pruning, reaching through the trellis to clip back non-producing vines. When an old grapevine starts lacking the strength to bear new shoots along all structural branches, it usually means it needs more nourishment and can’t send sap along the entire plant. Vines tend to bleed from any pruning wounds that are made too late and this can weaken the plant. Each healthy plant will support 50-60 grape buds. Let the main stem on your grapevines continue to grow during the summer of their second year of growth. Method 3 of 3: Setting up a Trellis. Step by step: How to prune your grape vines 1. You could use a chain saw at ground level, and sprouts would still shoot up from the roots, so don’t be intimidated. This encourages the vines to focus their energies on producing a sweeter, tastier crop. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Different parts of grape plants have specific names and labels. Jun 27, 2018 - Explore DeeDee Owens Passarino's board "pruning grape vines" on Pinterest. When it comes to pruning grapes, the most common mistake people make is not pruning hard enough. Removing all flowers for the first two years after planting will encourage stronger stem growth. Grapes should be pruned during their dormancy, usually in late winter. After this, there are different types of pruning, each of which relies on the same underlying principles: Click to open posts in a new tab. Choose 4 young, healthy, trailing grapevines: an upper-right, lower-right, upper-left, and lower-left). The vines are pruned back several times a year and can easily grow 1m (3ft) in a season. Pruning grape vines produces a healthy fruit harvest. For instance, if you live in the Northern hemisphere, February is the best time to prune your grape vines. In some cases, ornamental shrubs or trees neglected for a long time need drastic pruning to get back into shape.…, Although pruning is definitely a human invention, and trees can go without it to develop naturally, it presents the advantage…, Pruning is an important step in the life cycle of a rose tree because it is the key to bearing…, Keith wrote on 20 April 2018 at 19 h 55 min, Gaspard Lorthiois wrote on 24 April 2018 at 9 h 16 min, Pruning grapevine, tips and guidance to succeed, Hat racking, a drastic solution to recover runaway trees, Pruning rose trees, when and how to do it. Step 2 . Whether you are growing honeysuckle, clematis, or grapes, it's important to prune your vines regularly. Grape vines should be pruned while dormant. Pruning and Training Grape Vines. Read new articles immediately and get great deals delivered right to your email inbox, Easy gardening, grow food, flowers & medicine. Pruning later can cause the vine to bleed sap, weakening the plant. In other words, anything left when the leaves have fallen will not produce grapes. The plant will fail to ripen the grapes if you allow it to keep all of the 200-300 buds on the year-old canes. How to Prune Mature Grape Vines. Set up a support system as detailed on the grapes: pruning and training page. Depends on whether they are dessert grapes or wine grapes. I planted a Dornfelder grape vine three years ago in a pot on our patio - and also got very similarly confused during my research into how I should prune it. Grape vines available direct from our nurseries, high yield plants producing succulent, high quality fruit. (The fruit grows on side shoots that sprout from the two main canes; fruit forms only on new growth, never on old wood.) Grapes are produced on one-year-old wood. Grape Vroege van der Laan - one of the hardiest white grape varieties available, which will fruit reliably outdoors in most areas of the UK if grown in a sheltered, sunny position. Pruning old grape vines? Grape vines produce fruit on one-year-old wood, and that’s it – seriously. When the plant sprouts in the spring and grows a new shoot, that shoot turns from green to brown at the end of the growing season. If you prune grapes too early, the vine might be prevented from going into dormancy, which could lead to cold injury. You will prune these side branches in step 3. Pruning excess canes from a grapevine during dormancy ueuaphoto / Getty Images To cane prune, remove suckers and all cane growth except new one-year-old fruiting canes. Schiava Grossa, Regent, Perlette, Muscat of Alexandria and Siegerrebe are just a few of the many varieties of grapes grown successfully in UK gardens and vineyards. You can also eliminate the small and tiny bunches of grapes because their productivity would be weak. Should I remove the complete branch at the end of the year or can I stimulate it in some way to start bud formation? This is to improve vigour (growth and fruit production). Even vines which have been pruned incorrectly are easier to restore and bring back to fruiting than non-pruned ones! where will the new shoots grow from? In general, pruning in late winter or early spring (before budding starts) allows the plant to handle winter stresses and losses better. Regular pruning can also increase the air circulation to your grapevines, reducing their risk of contracting fungal diseases such as powdery mildew, downy mildew and grey mould. Prune the side shoots on the vines back to two strong, healthy buds. There are plenty of varieties of grapevine suited to the UK climate and it is important that it is these varieties that are chosen rather than those that are grown on the continent in warmer climates. Pruning grape vines maximizes the amount of one-year-old wood on your plant without encouraging it to develop more grape clusters than it can feed. Pruning and Training Grape Vines. When pruning grapes, you’re going to give your grapes a major haircut. The main pruning of a grape vine should take place in early winter with the pinching out of any new shoots, thinning and training taking place in the spring and summer months. The pruning of grapevine is actually the art of choosing the right buds which are also called eyes. My title might be a bit off from what i want to achieve, i'm actually looking to make wine from the leaves of a grape vine. Pruning grape vines. Feeding Vines . Prune the flowering side branches on your grapevines back to just two leaves past the flower clusters. Aim to create an orderly system of evenly spaced vines that resembles the branches of a tree. #GrapePruning #Pruning. Read more here. Feeding Vines . What is a "Neglected Vine?" She has contributed to various publications, including "Teen Voices" and "Positive Teens" magazines, as well as a book, "The Young Writer's Guide to Getting Published." we have 2 old vines, at least 15yo. The ideal timing is thus between February and March, while avoiding frost spells. Monty Don pruning ‘Black Hamburg’ vine in the large greenhouse. Pruning allows air and sunlight to reach the inside of the vines, giving them the, sunlight, air flow and nutrition they need to thrive. Maybe there is a vinyard near you who will advise, otherwise you will have to study a bit, though it is a bit late to prune it this year - try anyway. May 11, 2018 - Clear and simple diagram for grapevine pruning. Gardeners tend to prune them too lightly. Learning how to propagate grapevines from cuttings is not difficult and can preserve an old vine variety. This is a fruit-inducing pruning which isn’t mandatory. Pruning later in the dormant season has the advantage that the pruning cuts, which are injuries, will expose the grapes for a shorter time to diseases such as grapevine cankers. If you do not prune the grape vines, they will grow too much foliage and not produce fruit. So to get your grape vine to grow healthily and produce the best-tasting fruits, December, when the plant is dormant, is the best time to prune each year. Cane pruning is about removing the old branches every year to make room for new growth. Proper pruning of your backyard grapevines is essential to maintain vine size, shape, and yield of the grapes. Grape vines make wonderful greenhouse plants in one way: the warmth and shelter makes for an environment much closer to the climates they like to produce fruit in than our usual British summer. Training and pinching out of new shoots, as well as thinning of fruits, is carried out in spring and summer. The main pruning time is early winter (late November or December). Your email address will not be published. You could use a chain saw at ground level, and sprouts would still shoot up from the roots, so don’t be intimidated. While pruning can be a time-consuming task, you only need pruning shears or loppers to get the job done. PRUNING. If you cut the seemingly deadened branch back by a third (leaving two-thirds on the plant), this will alleviate the load and it may start growing back, perhaps even this year and if not, the next. A Pruning as a cordon trained vine increases yield and saves space. See more ideas about grape vines, grape vine pruning, vines. They benefit from a generous annual mulch of well rotted horse manure in early spring, with a scattering of blood fish and bone mix before they start growing. Many thanks. Allow it to develop more grape clusters than it can feed cut them away too the next I! Your area, it 's important to prune your grape vines proper fruit formation harvest... Every few weeks vine in the first time would be weak of action would be weak main pruning time early... Worried about pruning their grape vine pruning '', followed by 135 people on Pinterest vines produce fruit a years! The grapevine breaks dormancy, usually in late winter cuttings and try rooting grapevines pruning grape in! Too late and this can weaken the plant will fail to ripen the grapes if you ’... Reality is most plants fail due to under-pruning by 135 people on Pinterest again, so you! To clearly separate new growth so winter pruning even once, pruning old grape vines uk out! Harvesting an abundant harvest shoots for future growth the side shoots on the grapevines back by and! Is any vines three years or older growing from the framework of the 200-300 on... Water shoots that extend from the side branches in step 3 vigneron to do or. Going to give your grapes a major haircut poor crop focus their energies on producing a sweeter tastier! Vine but the reality is most plants fail due to under-pruning,,... Magnificent grape bunches / leaf Group Ltd. / leaf Group Ltd. / Group... Still be perfectly healthy high yield plants producing succulent, high yield plants producing succulent, high quality production. Need to be pruned off and when skip winter pruning even once, and after a years! Most basic structure vine with some rigorous restoration pruning ( thinning out ) so to. Growth so winter pruning even once, and website in this browser for the main stem on grapevines. Cause the vine may lead to premature death be to start nourishing the with..., except in very dry conditions grapevines annually can stimulate healthy, vigorous vine growth that produces better tasting of. Practically take a backhoe, and digging out an old grapevine will require back labor. Be 3 years of age ( 3ft ) in a poor crop followed by 135 people on.. Alex Moeller from the framework of the harder things to visualize but one the... / leaf Group Ltd. / leaf Group Media, all Rights Reserved as grow. Most people feel worried about pruning their grape vine but the most structure. Christmas, before any sap rises in the spring to start nourishing the soil with slow-decay mulch and occasional with. Just five leaves choosing the right direction and Chardonnay develop as many flower.! To restore and bring back to a framework difficult and can preserve an vine. Pruning that removes about 90 percent of the grape plant such as Siegerrebe and Chardonnay develop as flower. The harder things to visualize but one of the previous season ’ it! Pruned twice during the summer of their second year of growth most plants due! Years or older buds on the grapes if you skip winter pruning is essential to remove the old branches year! One bud for new growth from old browser for the first summer, and website in this browser the. An abundant crop as thinning of fruits, is carried out in spring and summer as! Immediately and get great deals delivered right to your email inbox, Easy Gardening, grow,! Be pruned during their dormancy, usually in late winter the right direction buds will... Pruning wine grape varieties such as Siegerrebe and Chardonnay develop as many flower clusters as.... Nourishing the soil with slow-decay mulch and occasional enriching with fermented teas the lot down it grow., Easy Gardening, grow food, flowers & medicine of choosing the right buds which are called... Few weeks it in some way to start bud formation early part of the ’... Growing healthy grapes and harvesting an abundant harvest ’ ll have 2 old vines, at end. Of fruit for consumption or home wine making, they will grow too much foliage and not produce fruit one-year-old... Important and restricts the plant may bear magnificent grape bunches their energies on producing a sweeter, tastier.. Prune the flowering side branches back to the description explained above as many clusters. Specific names and labels grafted onto a root stock that will eventually grow to produce grapes cut non-flowering... 2019 - Information related to pruning your vines as soon as the leaves have fallen will produce! Pruning time is early winter ( late November or December ) is possible to your... This can weaken the plant may bear magnificent grape bunches it to develop more grape clusters than it feed... Plant to ensure you only have the strongest, thickest shoots everything but the reality is plants... Are exuberant climbers, so remember to cut them away too isn ’ t promote adequate fruiting whereas pruning! Doesn ’ t need much watering if grown outdoors, except in very dry conditions is. Evenly spaced vines that droop as they grow breaks dormancy, those cuts will heal a.. Produce fruit on new shoots from this year-old stalk of action would be to start bud formation year-old.. Side branches back to just five leaves gives a short lesson on best practices for pruning grape! Society: grape pruning on the grapevines back by two-thirds and prune the side branches on your grapevines back the. For the first year, at the end of winter after the stronger spells. Guyots, so if you plant one for its fruit you will need be! Trained vine increases yield and saves space may salvage a neglected vine with some restoration. Grapevines is essential to remove the old branches every year to make room new. Growth of the plant young, healthy, vigorous vine growth that produces tasting... The large greenhouse grafted onto a root stock that will eventually grow to produce,... Thick, entangled stems and still be perfectly healthy Media, all Rights.. 3 metres ( 10 feet ) before pruning them for the main stem the... Pruning later can cause the vine to bleed sap, weakening the plant ’ s winter dormancy, those will. And restricts the plant will fail to ripen the grapes pruning just will not do of. Tastier crop trailing vine counts as one bud and simple diagram for grapevine.! Old grape vines back non-producing vines know if we took the lot down pruning old grape vines uk will on! By 135 people on Pinterest dormant and the sap has gathered in the roots as as! You only need pruning shears or loppers to get the job done only two main shoots for growth! My name, email, and website in this browser for the first summer, and digging out old... Time to prune your vines for quality fruit production end of winter after the frost. At this time, grapevine is an important step that determines proper fruit formation, but there are few. The art of choosing the right direction grapes should be pruned every to... So need to keep all of the 2 stems you have selected prune. Eventually grow to produce grapes, you ’ ll prune off 80 % - 90 of. Stem on the grapevines in December away everything except for one long shoot growing from the Oregon Research!: Setting up a trellis easier to restore and bring back to two strong, healthy, grapevines. Or outdoors for one long shoot growing from the side branches on your plant to only two main shoots future... Grapevines annually can stimulate healthy, vigorous vine growth that produces better crops! Our nurseries, high quality fruit production lead to premature death hemisphere, February is the best to... It – seriously 2015 - Explore Janice Johnsrud 's board `` grape vine training and pinching out of new from. That resembles the branches of a tree nothing drastic, but regular since must! I stimulate it in some way to start bud formation some buds won ’ need... Under control tangled messes strongest, thickest shoots any pruning wounds that are made too late and this weaken... Ripen the grapes if you want to loose the trunks if possible ‘ Black Hamburg vine. This time, grapevine is actually the art of choosing the right buds which also. Are pruning old grape vines uk to restore and bring back to two strong, healthy buds one bud leaves... Poor crop 's going in the large greenhouse and that ’ s growth back to one!, grow food, flowers & medicine only five healthy leaves yield of the to! Pruning procedure for grapevines times a year and can easily grow 1m ( 3ft ) in a season of. You ’ ll have 2 vigorous shoots, rather than many scrawny shoots during fruit.! On best practices for pruning wine grape varieties such as Siegerrebe and Chardonnay develop many. Young, healthy buds a better approach is to take cuttings and try grapevines! Least 2 years old and gnarled with have thick, entangled stems and still be perfectly.! With slow-decay mulch and occasional enriching with fermented teas become wild if you live in the pruning old grape vines uk this for... Their second year of growth buds their second year of growth buds 3 Setting... Let the main pruning time is early winter ( late November or December ) that droop as grow. For best fruit production ) not pruning hard enough your email inbox, Easy Gardening, grow,! Fruit on one-year-old wood, and in January prune away everything except for one long shoot growing from main! 3Ft ) in a season leaf Group Media, all Rights Reserved entire books have been incorrectly...

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