For balance, Emilia gives a cynical woman's view of men in Act V. Iago meanwhile watches Cassio, seeking a weakness that he can exploit. I noticed a real difference from previous years in the class discussion of “motiveless malignity”: students embraced it far more readily and unquestioningly. Roderigo remarks, "That thou, Iago, who hast had my purse as if the strings were thine." [Act I, Scene I, Line 2]. extra curricular activities gun control autobiographical shark what is leadership school uniforms dog peer pressure euthanasia fahrenheit 451 visual analysis friendships man happiness argumentative. This is who Iago is. 1.1 Iago says "An old black ram//Is tupping your white ewe" Act1.1 1.1.1 use of color and juxtaposition to emphasis the indignity of the situation 1.2 Iago says "your daughter covered with a Barbary horse" Act1.1 Schapiro, B.A. Fiction, however, is not the only thing I can draw comparisons to. Honest Iago, My Desdemona must I leave to thee: I prithee, let thy wife attend on her: And bring them after in the best advantage. Iago is the manipulative and omniscient puppet master of Othellothat seemingly controls everything from behind the scenes. Michael, good night: to-morrow with your earliest : Let me have speech with you. To me, some people operate under their own set of rules which the rest of us just can’t understand.”. Eve Sedgwick coined the idea of the “Homosocial continuum.” Her argument involves gender, class, and hierarchical relationships. Roderigo, Honest Iago of Shakespeare's Othello Essay. Where did it begin? Honest Iago (pronounced “yah-go”) formed in San Diego in 2005. Shakespeare uses irony continuously throughout the play when it comes to Iago. Some readers have suggested that Iago’s true, underlying motive for persecuting Othello is his homosexual love for the general. Iago is not the only, The Tragedy of Othello: The Moor of Venice is William Shakespeare’s play, written around sixteen hundreds. Even in Act 5 Scene 2, after he has killed Desdemona and when Emilia stoutly defends Desdemona’s innocence, he still maintains he is right because Iago said so: to. In an attempt to rid himself of guilt and doubt, Othello sloppily paints a picture where he is the hero, the brave vindicator on a quest to rid the world of a great evil; the heinous slut (pardon the slur) Desdemona. He killed Othello, slandered Desdemona and injured Cassio for the love of destruction. And with the growing instability in the world; famines in South Sudan and Somalia, violence in Syria and growing religious intolerance around the world in response to abhorrent terrorist attacks; perhaps we should be vigilant of the next megalomaniac out to destroy something. One example of this is when Iago discovers Cassio's weakness was alcohol; Cassio leaves Iago on his own, this gives him time to explain to the audience what he is planning to do. Iago (/ i ˈ ɑː ɡ oʊ /) is a fictional character in Shakespeare's Othello (c. 1601–1604). (2003). What are his motivations? He is the protector of the weak, he who safeguards the honor of cuckolded men. I know not if’t be true, Hath leaped into my seat, the thought whereof. Iago is the play's main antagonist, and Othello's standard-bearer.He is the husband of Emilia, who is in turn the attendant of Othello's wife Desdemona.Iago hates Othello and devises a plan to destroy him by making him believe that his wife is having an affair with his lieutenant, Michael Cassio. It is often difficult to tell what is and isn’t real. Every character but one is tainted, and even the innocent Desdemona falls a vic- tim to the poisonous air she is compelled to breathe. In an essay, discuss why honesty-or the reputation for being honest or the lack of honesty-is so important in Shakespeare's Othello. The lineup solidified to the quartet of Matt Fradkin, Nick Norton, Craig Vermeyen, and Hunter Knight to release an absurdly ambitious 47-minute debut, Straight On ‘Til Morning , in 2009. In Othello, the antagonist Iago, plays that role. however, the audience knows that Iago is the furthest thing from honest. In fact, seeing as Spacey’s career started with stage acting in Shakespeare’s Richard III, it is not surprising that House of Cards draws much from Shakespeare’s work. A storm has dispersed the Venetian fleet so that Cassio arrives first, anxious for Othello's safety. As I’ve outlined above Iago is a psychopath. He skillfully manipulates all who are around him; and it seems as if his ruthless determination and dogged persistence will not fail him. Iago first comforts Cassio asserting that, ?Reputation is an idle and most false imposition, oft got without merit and lost without deserving? Iago is most honest (II.iii.7) Othello, unaware of Iago's evil plans, comments on his honesty. Iago makes a complete fool out of Roderigo. When he introduces his advice to Cassio with the phrase "As I am an honest man," he is not speaking of honesty in the sense of sincerity but as a man of honest carriage who controls his passions and only speaks after careful consideration. But as West states, these motivations seem… a little fake. One has to ask, why? Both Trump and Iago appeal to sexism and racism as scapegoats for their insecurities. to. She advocates that this ignores the fact that Iago is human too, and thus there are countless small inferiorities or possible catalysts that may have caused the violence he wreaks. Iago is constantly referred to as “honest Iago” and when a character is talked about in a positive light, they are described as “honest.” This repetition makes us never forget that honesty is an important quality and is held in high regard. Despite this, it appears that Iago has lost. While these motivations are legitimate and logical, Iago almost halfheartedly provides them. https://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/02/21/house-of-cards-shakespeare-_n_4823200.html. When Iago pretends to help Cassio, he comments; "I never knew a Florentine more kind and honest", [Act III, scene I]. Iago is one of the most complex characters in William Shakespeare’s Othello. One of Iago's techniques is to find the characters' weaknesses and use it against them. This is an increasingly important issue in a time where more and more young people can’t tell the difference between partisan, sponsored content and reliable unprejudiced news. How am I then a villain, To counsel Cassio to this parallel course. Ironically Iago is repeatedly described as honest - this shows that Iago is such a skilled manipulator: Cassio says that he "never knew a Florentine more kind and honest" Desdemona declares "O, that's an honest fellow" He persuades Othello that his "honesty and love doth mince this matter" when the opposite is … Lawless, Jill. Only we as the audience are aware of the true dedication, deceit and evil of these two characters because they actually cannot keep it completely to themselves. Iago is stating in the first few lines how being honest and portraying qualities of honesty can be harmful and not safe, even when Iago calls Cassio a fool. Is all his soldiership. CASSIO : Welcome, Iago; we must to the watch. Thou told’st me thou didst hold him in thy hate. One of the themes is extreme jealousy can make a person act like a monster. He isn’t concerned with justifying his opinion through motives because they are irrelevant to him. Iago never killed Emilia, so his whole plot was figured out by the end. In Shakespeare’s Othello, jealousy is, full of jealousy and betrayal, the plot of Othello is guided by this playwright’s usage of dramatic irony. Like the psychopath described by Cleckley, Iago is impulsive, but he sees nothing basically wrong with his own behavior, no matter how erratic or antisocial; therefore, he doesn’t bother to find or invent excuses unless prodded. "Honest Lago" 337 In the construction of the play two leading motives are em ployed,?Iago's mendacity and Othello's credulity, and these motives are inseparably connected, forming a single stream of influeuce, from which flow all the action and all the passion of the plot. It was external evil, the malice of the devil, that turned a happy story of romantic lovers who were capable to live happily ever after, so to speak – into a tragedy’ while literary critic F. R. Leavis attacks the Bradley view, asserting, William Shakespeare’s Othello Honest Iago. The dramatic irony here is obvious. A very important technique that Iago uses is that he makes Othello trust him, if he didn’t then Iago’s scheming and plotting would be a complete waste of time and result in failure. “Analysis | Fake News Might Be Harder To Spot Than Most People Believe”. Iago is a unrepentant villain. Shakespeare uses a number of techniques to express the manipulaton of Iago in this scene. "Honest Iago" 343 Nothing sweet and wholesome can live here. Othello simply states; "Iago is most honest." If there was ever a victor in this bloody avocation they play, it would only be honest, brave and loyal Iago. This is a villain that, although how reviling it may be at some times, we can empathize with. One student wrote that although we may not see it explicitly expressed in the play, Iago’s malignity had to arise, he believed, “out of feelings of inferiority.” Another asserted, “Just because we cannot see the motive does not mean a motive does not exist.” And finally, one wrote, “We, as humans, are all complex, unique, and sometimes imbalanced individuals. The Tragedy of Othello is not just a story of jealousy; this is a tragedy of the clash of two worlds. Now most of the people he did this to it worked on. As a bluff, hearty soldier, he [Iago] had indulged himself in all the peccadilloes that are generally more excused in the uniformed warrior than in the civilian; his more excessive asocial whims had been pretty well channeled off in the violence of war where even killing was not only accepted but honored. The theme of jealousy is evident throughout the play as it motivates the characters’ actions and suggests alot about the impacts, effects and nature of jealousy itself. He lies to th' heart. It is obvious to all what Othello is doing here. This directly contradicts his stated motives; if he truly cares about his wife cheating on him, why does he only seek retribution on Othello and Cassio but not Emilia? The band maintained a rotating membership of musicians and visual artists to ensure no two experiences would be the same. He tells the basic facts and uses those to lead the characters on. “Honest Iago” is a motif I’ve made an attempt to bring up many times in this article because I wanted to really illustrate the dichotomy of Iago’s outward and inward characters. Underwood is just as ruthlessly driven and manipulative as Iago; perhaps more so. We’ve all been faced with a situation where we justify a wrong action with a reason that, in our heart, we know is fundamentally flawed. The unanswered question. He has succeeded in his goal; not to elevate his position as he had once wished, but to utterly and completely destroy his hated master. For his quick hunting, stand the putting on. You see, Iago is a rare breed of villain. By saying this, Iago is calling himself a fool, due to the fact that he is referred to as “Honest Iago” and any condescending thoughts … He, in good time, must his lieutenant be. IAGO: I follow him to serve my turn upon him: We cannot all be masters, nor all masters Cannot be truly follow'd. Specifically, there is the famous reference constantly repeated by Othello: “honest Iago”. Schapiro states that it’s incorrect to state Iago does not have a motive, or that his motive is meaningless. Iago’s murder of Emilia could also stem from the general hatred of women that he displays. More fell than anguish, hunger or the sea. Iago has lost. In fact, as play starts Iago is taking advantage of Roderigo. I wanted to examine his motivations; why he did what he did. Nay, yet there's more in this: I pr'ythee, speak to me as to thy thinkings, As thou dost ruminate; and give thy worst of thoughts The worst of words. Withholding information. One of them is a world of absolute cynic, manipulate or Iago; the second world is the world of all the other characters in the tragedy, including, possibly, even Othello. Of particular significance to me is House of Cards’ Frank Underwood (Kevin Spacey). Make note of the conversation between Iago and Roderigo I quoted above. There is much sub context in Othello on gender representation and conflict, but that too is something for another time. For more information visit www.freewillshakespeare.com. Once more, if Othello feels this way, then Cassio, who admires Othello and follows his leadership, will also believe that Iago is an honest man. This is a punishment he deserves to inflict. In William Shakespeare’s, Othello, many character pairings can be analyzed in relation to Sedgwick’s theories. 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