The evangelical movement in Africa declared Christ’s sovereign rule over the spirits, but prefers to say little about the spirit world and concentrating rather on the salvation of the individual’s soul. In traditional Africa however, ancestors are never referred to, nor considered, as evil spirits. Society and Culture Page.. Nyirongo (2007;334) explains the relationship between the living and their dead as “demonic illusions” because, according to him, it is impossible for he living to commune with the dead. In this essay we will focus on ancestors (the “living-dead”) and its role in South Africa and the role of the Church. In some African Initiated Churches, prophets can be used as a medium channel connecting the living and the dead. In other words, an ancestor is a person who is deceased and of whom you are a descendent. Previous genetic research showed that our species interbred with both the Neanderthals and Denisovans, with modern human populations outside of Africa still carrying DNA from both. But ancestor work doesn’t mean just working with your grandmother or great uncle. Researching female ancestors is challenging, but possible! Looking for a flexible role? In Matthew 22 Jesus explains that the two main reasons that the people stumble is because they do not know the scriptures (something the missionaries tried with limited results) nor the power of God: “Jesus answered and said unto them, Ye do err, not knowing the scriptures, nor the power of God. Triebel argues that (2007;336), “if one interprets African religion as theistic, centered on the belief in the one God, one cannot accept that the ancestors have their own independent religious function”. God is not distant like some would believe. The Nigerian theologian, Idowu, states (2007;335): “Certainly, the cults of the ancestors do not constitute African traditional religion; and it is a gross error to equate them with religion … Thus the cults are a means of communion and communication between those who are living on earth and those who have gone to live in the spirit world of the ancestors”. He uses the example of the building of altars upon which sacrifices are offered to the ancestors and that at such a ritual ceremony, there can be no doubt that the ancestors are invoked; they are the addressees of these prayers and the invocation of God is missing. Finally, brethren, whatsoever things are true, whatsoever things are honest, whatsoever things are just, whatsoever things are pure, whatsoever things are lovely, whatsoever things are of good report; if there be any virtue, and if there be any praise, think on these things. The purpose is to bring to every reader, scholar and layman alike, an insight into and perspective of a civilization and heritage which he or she never may have realized exists. Another common thing would be rice terracing, a brilliant way for our ancestors to respond to the challenge of their environment. Another view are that ancestors are co-mediators with Christ. The book of Revelation is notable for its presentation of the absolute power which God exercises over the world and restriction of evil (1999;72). In Christianity this single ruler is called Satan, among other names. On the other hand, the ancestors also depend on the living in a sense that only if they are remembered, only if attention is paid to them through veneration and the offering of sacrifices, will they exist as ancestors (2007;329). Back to Africa . Another intriguing aspect in those involved in the ritual sacrifice is their tendency to say that they are praying to God and their ancestors. Most of the mainline churches are well aware of this need and that the current teachings are not fully adequate in assisting them to deal with witchcraft and the fear it brings. Find those missing pieces of your identity with this transformative and powerful experience. that the idol is any thing, or that which is offered in sacrifice to idols is any thing? This indicates the significance that ancestral belief plays in the African world-view. VAT Registration No: 842417633. Anderson (2007;326) correctly observes that one of the functions of a diviner is to determine the identity of, and exorcise ‘evil spirits’. Company Registration No: 4964706. Ancestors connect Africans to their beloved ones, bless their fertility festivals and intervene when spiritual blockages and polluting elements threaten order, happiness, health and life. Witchcraft is the enemy of life (2007;347). When we think of our ancestors, most think of our recently deceased. Therefore the ancestors acted as a supportive and protective network (1999;75). The desire of an ancestor to possess someone is usually signalled by a long illness, with the host beginning to grow delicate and eccentric, dreaming numerous dreams about wild beasts and serpents and also hearing voices telling the person what to do and where to go. And we can use what we know, drawing on several lines of evidence, to make some educated estimates. Such thinking was to be expected from people (missionaries) who had been born and bred in a world-view that sought to explain life in rationalistic and scientific ways rather than spiritual ones. Those things, which ye have both learned, and received, and heard, and seen in me, do: and the God of peace shall be with you”. There are also scriptural indications of an angelic fall, under the leadership of Satan. But as touching the resurrection of the dead, have ye not read that which was spoken unto you by God, saying, I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob? The belief remains that there is an interaction between the invisible and visible worlds (2007;377). This is Civil Rights Genealogy to honor our African American ancestors. ... What our African ancestors wore before western clothing. It’s possible with the use of medical DNA tests to reveal links to ancestors, much like it is used today to relate relatives. Having passed through death, the ancestors are considered as able to communicate with God more effectively the needs of those alive. Good angels are portrayed as powerful agencies for the carrying out of God’s will, there is also a well orchestrated army of evil agencies who counterfeit the activities of those good angels (1999;69). It is believed that a person who is sick for a long time has been chosen as an instrument through which ancestors want to communicate. The recently departed whose time on earth overlapped with people still here are the sasha, the living-dead. Ye cannot drink the cup of the Lord, and the cup of devils: ye cannot be partakers of the Lord’s table, and of the table of devils” (verses 19-21). In Africa, witchcraft is considered as anti-social and as something that systematically contradicts all the values of society. Ancestors may also manifest themselves to the living by animals, particularly snakes (1999;75). The Middle and Later Stone Age, which lasted from about 300 000 to 300 years ago in South Africa, was an important time for the African continent. Our Black Ancestry Foundation is a non-profit organization dedicated to providing resources for African American genealogical research, preserving historic materials and properties, and promoting healing of wounds that are the legacy of slavery. Ancestors’ spirits are also thought to act as mediators between the living and the Creator. A review of Jesus as “Honored Ancestor”, by Martin Munyao . In the African spirit world for example, spirits appear rather as disorganised and competitive (2007;397). Maghbouleh (2007;349) makes an interesting observation that witchcraft is nowhere associated with the devil or Satan in the canonized Jewish texts. By this label serious damage was done to the gospel in Africa. Ancestors are forever alive in the African world and cosmological view of life. The Certificates of Ancestry will be available in series. African Ancestry was founded in 2003 by Dr. Rick Kittles and Gina Paige in Washington, D.C. Dr. Kittles was one of the earliest geneticists to trace the ancestry of Africans through DNA testing. How Our African Ancestors Made Sound In The Stone Age. The belief in missionaries was that the converts to Christianity, after attaining some (western-based) education and religious instruction, would simply outgrow the idea of the existence of the spirit world, but this endeavour did not fully realize under the people for the past two centuries (2007;370). In Ela’s opinion, these offerings are “only an ‘anthropological reality” and not related to religion at all. Christianity is lived to either strengthen groups’ identity with the ancestors or free self from any attachment with the ancestors depending on two main factors. It is clearly pointed out that the only valid mediator is Jesus Christ: “Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me” (Joh 14:6). Registered office: Venture House, Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ. From time immemorial, the Zulus have always held a strong belief that the closest human link the living have with God, uMvelinqangi is through the connection they have with amadlozi, a Zulu term for ancestors. This is contrasted against the highly organised view in Ephesians 6. Reference this. When the missionaries came to Africa they displayed a spirit-world denying attitude to their audience. As keepers of law and order, the ancestors act as representatives of ethical values, traditions and activities (2007;333). Most of them came from a small section (approximately 300 miles long) of the Atlantic coast between the Congo and Gambia rivers in East Africa. Many of them also which used curious arts brought their books together, and burned them before all men: and they counted the price of them, and found it fifty thousand pieces of silver. There are literally trillions to connect with, and many are just waiting for YOU to reach out. He is the Comforter and promised to never leave or forsake us. Knowing where you're from is a critical component of knowing who you are. Free Standard Shipping for … The calling to be a Sangoma or shaman is believed to come from various ancestor spirits and your direct ancestor spirits. Welcome to Our Black Ancestry! From simple essay plans, through to full dissertations, you can guarantee we have a service perfectly matched to your needs. Religion I want to write very briefly here about the various kinds of spirits that can be part of a shamanic calling and become your guides or possess you as you do the work of the ancestors. In these religions there is also the concept of a God, or Supreme Being, although it cannot be proved conclusively in all cases. The foundational religion of many African groups seems to be ancestor worship. But God is almighty and limits evil and their activities (2007;379). All work is written to order. Spirit mediums or diviners in Africa are believed to be possessed by ancestors to communicate with the living. The gender of the person makes no difference whether a person can be an ancestor or not (2007;331). And the peace of God, which passeth all understanding, shall keep your hearts and minds through Christ Jesus. Writing about the Bantu peoples in 1932, British anthropologist Audrey Richards, in … The ancestors communicate with the living through various ways. See more ideas about gods and goddesses, african, orisha. If the living fail to understand the message of the ancestors, they employ the services of a diviner or isangoma who, as a link between the ancestors and the living is able to interpret the message of the ancestors for the living (2007;332). It is believed that the interaction between the living and living-dead is possible because there is no difference in kind between worlds (2007;329). We're here to answer any questions you have about our services. It was believed that if someone in the community had caused a breakdown of the balance of relationships with an ancestor, the ancestor could respond by invoking occurrences as prolonged rain or drought, epidemics or earth quakes. It is something to be eradicated at all cost. Given the range of skills and aptitudes available to Christians as found in the Bible, this type of life need not be (2007;352). African theologians and churches are still struggling how to respond appropriately and biblically to the issue of ancestral practices, especially among Christians (2007;337). Mbiti observes (2007;365) that ancestor possession occurs in one form or another in practically every African society. The special role of the ancestors is generally considered as that of being intermediaries between God and the humans or between the spirit world and the world of the living (2007;334). In fact, the authorities and cosmic powers in the Pauline letters allude to the way in which supernatural beings, as it were, incarnate themselves in structures. We extract your DNA and compare it against the world's largest database of African lineages. But I say, that the things which the Gentiles sacrifice, they sacrifice to devils, and not to God: and I would not that ye should have fellowship with devils. These pictures of our American ancestors serve as a reminder of the lives they led, the mark they made on America, and (for relatives) the place they occupy in our hearts. 1 year ago 5 min read. We extract your DNA and compare it against the world’s largest database of African DNA. What does the Bible teach about ancestors and the sufficiency of Christ. 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