It affected the long tradition of Yahweh as king (theocracy) in Israel. . T ... View more, Prayer for Guidance and Support for the KingOf Solomon.1Give the king your justice, O God,and your righteousness to a king's son.2May he judge your people wi ... View more, Government with Justice Predicted1See, a king will reign in righteousness,and princes will rule with justice.2Each will be like a hiding place from the wind, ... View more, 5For all the boots of the tramping warriorsand all the garments rolled in bloodshall be burned as fuel for the fire.6For a child has been born for us,a son g ... View more, The Peaceful Kingdom1A shoot shall come out from the stump of Jesse,and a branch shall grow out of his roots.2The spirit of the Lord shall rest on him,the sp ... View more, 10So Samuel reported all the words of the Lord to the people who were asking him for a king.11He said, “These will be the ways of the king who will reign over y ... View more, The Northern Tribes Secede1Rehoboam went to Shechem, for all Israel had come to Shechem to make him king.2When Jeroboam son of Nebat heard of it (for he was st ... View more, 27for it may be your neighbor's only clothing to use as cover; in what else shall that person sleep? [30], Following Solomon's death in c. 926 BCE, tensions between the northern part of Israel, containing the ten northern tribes, and the southern section, dominated by Jerusalem and the southern tribes, reached a boiling point. Abimelech, the first judge to be declared king by the men of Shechem and the house of Millo (Bet Millo), reigned over Israel for three years until he was killed during the Battle of Thebez. KINGSHIP IN ISRAEL: Hebrew Ideals of Kingship. [22], In 2019, Finkelstein claimed that mounting evidence from archaeological digs has led him to believe that a united monarchy of sorts existed but under Jeroboam II, some two centuries after the reigns of David and Solomon. Samuel’s speech to Israel in 1Sam 8:10-18 indicates that the king has the right to take men for military service; women for domestic service; and land and a tenth part of the harvest, flocks, and herds for the support of the monarchy, and to require state service by both the people and their animals. Since Yhwh was in charge, he was responsible for protecting the king of Israel from threats by enemies (2Sam 7, Ps 2) and for punishing him and even removing him if he did not fulfill divine expectations (1Sam 13-14, 2Sam 7, 1Kgs 11:29-39). That gap in the historical record is characteristic of the Late Bronze Age collapse;[15] cultural memories of times before the disaster often became embellished as stories of a "lost golden age", as in the Trojan Epic Cycle. [14], Textual criticism also points to disparities in the account of David's rise to power as indicative of separate threads being merged later to create a Golden Age of a united monarchy. Yet David was "the man after God's own heart." Some scholars have attributed aspects of archaeological remains excavated from this sites, including six-chambered gates and ashlar palaces, to the building programme. [citation needed], According to the biblical account, the united monarchy was formed by a large popular expression in favour of introducing a king to rule over the decentralised Israelite confederacy. 1 2 Sam. The tribe of Judah alone remained in what became the southern kingdom and continued to be ruled by a king of the Davidic line. Most scholars believe that Samuel was compiled in the 8th century BCE, rather than the 10th century, when most of the events described took place, based on both historical and legendary sources. On the succession of Solomon's son, Rehoboam, around 930 BCE, the biblical account reports that the country split into two kingdoms: the Kingdom of Israel (including the cities of Shechem and Samaria) in the north and the Kingdom of Judah (containing Jerusalem) in the south. Another highlight of I Samuel was the call of Saul as the first king of Israel and Saul's abdication of spiritual leadership, which resulted in David's being anointed King. The formation of kingship in Israel, hence, constitutes not only a significant event in Israelite history but in the history of humankind in general. For over 200 years, Israel was divided into two parallel monarchies, until the Northern (non-Davidic) kingdom was exiled by a succession of Assyrian kings. in the south. Ideally the kingship and commonwealth of Israel were to have been a theocracy. The name of Israel's god, but with only the consonants of the name, as spelled in the Hebrew Bible. In fact, God built human kingship into creation itself. "[7], Israelite kingdom of Israel and Judah, c. 1050-930 BCE, This article uses the term "Israelite" as defined by, "Bible Gateway passage: Ezekiel 8 - New International Version", "1 Kings 11:5 Solomon followed Ashtoreth the goddess of the Sidonians and Molech the abomination of the Ammonites", "2 Kings 23:13 The king also desecrated the high places east of Jerusalem, to the south of the Mount of Corruption, which King Solomon of Israel had built for Ashtoreth the abomination of the Sidonians, for Chemosh the abomination of the Moabites, and for Molech the abomination of the Ammonites", "Jeremiah 11:13 Your gods are indeed as numerous as your cities, O Judah, and the altars of shame you have set up--the altars to burn incense to Baal--are as many as the streets of Jerusalem", "Journal 124: Khirbat Qeiyafa preliminary report", "Khirbet Qeiyafa: an unsensational archaeological and historical interpretation", "Philistine city of Gath a lot more powerful than thought, archaeologists suggest", "Meet the Real King David, the One the Bible Didn't Want You to Know About", "Saul and Highlands of Benjamin Update: The Role of Jerusalem", "The Jewish temples: Jerusalem in the First Temple Period (1006–586 BCE)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kingdom_of_Israel_(united_monarchy)&oldid=996315079, States and territories established in the 11th century BC, States and territories disestablished in the 10th century BC, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Son-in-law of Saul, brother-in-law of Ish-boseth, This page was last edited on 25 December 2020, at 21:04. This isat least partly because the biblical texts themselves would seem to point inopposite directions on the i… (iii) The people's demand challenged the kingship of God over Israel. David, second king of ancient Israel and an important figure in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. All of Israel knew that Samuel was established to be a … The latter began as a theocracy at Sinai under aneldership which appeared sufficient for the demandsboth of peace and war. It is generally accepted that a "House of David" existed, but many believe that David could have only been the monarch or chieftain of Judah, which was likely small, and that the northern kingdom was a separate development. This article on Jesus and the notion of Biblical Kingship, the king as shepherd, is a reflections on the readings for the Feast of Christ the King, cycle C (2 Samuel 5, 1-3, Psalm 122, Colossians 1:12-20, and Luke 23:35-53). Ps 2 calls the Davidic king a “son” of Yhwh. Abimelech, the first judge to be declared king by the men of Shechem and the house of Millo (Bet Millo), reigned over Israel for three years until he was killed during the Battle of Thebez. The list follows the name "Israel" as a nation, though the united people lasted only under three kings. They were expected to observe his covenant and laws, to defend the nation and engage in offensive war when deemed necessary, and to rule the people with justice ( mishpat) and righteousness ( tsedaqah ). The Israeli-American team on the historic first flight, symbolically numbered 555 to reflect the digit considered a lucky number by many North Africans, met with senior Moroccan officials, including the king.Unlike the Emiratis and Bahrainis, who signed their September agreements with Israel at a festive White House ceremony in the presence of Trump and Netanyahu, the Moroccans opted for a … Nation, though the united monarchy ended after Solomon 's death, when court. 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